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Executive Intel 1 'jence Mewlew 


The Hot Autumn 5 83 




History, Command Structure and Controllers 
of Anti-Nation State Forces in Europe 

August 1983 

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The following EIR Multi-Client Special Reports 

are now available. 

1 . The Real Story of Libya's Muammar Qaddafi 

A comprehensive review of the forces that placed 
Qaddafi in power and continue to control him to this 
day. Includes discussion of British intelligence input, 
stemming from Qaddafi's training at Sandhurst and 
his ties to the Senussi (Muslim) Brotherhood. Heavy 
emphasis is placed on control ove Qaddafi exer- 
cised by elements of the Italian Propaganda-2 Ma- 
sonic Lodge, which coordinates capital flight, drug- 
running, and terrorism in Italy. Also explored in depth 
are "Billygate," the role of Armand Hammer, and 
Qaddafi's ties to fugitive financier Robert Vesco. 

2. The Club of Rome in the Middle East 

A dossier on the role played by the Club of Rome in 
promoting "Islamic fundamentalists." Focusing on two 
organizations, the Arab Thought Forum and Islam 
and the West, both of which are intimately tied to the 
Club of Rome. The report shows how the Club uses 
"Islamic fundamentalism" as a political tool to pro- 
mote neo-Malthusian, anti-development ideas 
throughout the Middle East. 

3. Terrorism and Guerrilla Warfare in Central America 
A background report on the real sources of instability 
in Central America. Exclusive analysis of the sources 
of religious war in the region, including the Jesuit 
order's "left-wing" Theology of Liberation, a primary 
source of the Sandinista movement; and the "right- 
wing," led by Christian fundamentalist cultist Rios 
Montt and Sun Myung Moon. The report also dis- 
cusses the role of Israel as an arms supplier to both 
"right" and "left." The report shows that the long-term 
destabilization of Central America is the result of the 
U.S. State Department's demand for the reduction 
of the region's population. 

4. What is the Trilateral Commission? 

This revised and expanded report is the most widely 
sold of EIR's Special Reports. The most complete 
analysis of the background, origins, and goals of this 
much-talked-about organization. Demonstrates the 
role of the Commission in the Propaganda-2 Free- 


masonic scandal that collapsed the Italian govern- 
ment in 1981; and in the Federal Reserve's high- 
interest-rate policy. Details the Commission's influ- 
ence in the Reagan administration. Includes com- 
plete member ship. 

Saudi Arabia in the Year 2023 
Written by EIR Contributing Editor Lyndon H. La- 
Rouche Jr. at the request of several Arab clients, this 
public memorandum report outlines Mr. LaRouche's 
proposals for the development of Saudi Arabia over 
the next 40 years, as the fulcrum of an extended Arab 
world stretching from Morocco in the west to Iran in 
the east. It outlines the approach necessary to prop- 
erly industrialize and stabilize the entire region over 
the next two generations. 

Africa: A Case Study of CI.S. North-South Policy 

A case study of the "new" North-South policy of the 
Reagan administration, showing how economic pol- 
icy toward Africa is being shaped according to the 
anti-technology, zero-growth guidelines of the Cart- 
er administration's Global 2000 Report. Discusses 
in detail the role being played by the AID and World 
Bank in implementing this policy, under direction pri- 
marily from Henry Kissinger, David Rockefeller, and 
the Ford Foundation. Includes profiles of the admin- 
istration's top ten policy-makers for Africa. 

Will Moscow Become the Third Rome?: How the KGB 
Controls the Peace Movement 
This recent report documents the dominant influen- 
ce on Soviet policy-making of the 500-year-old my- 
stical prophecy that Moscow shall become the cen- 
ter of a Third, and Final, Roman Empire. Details 
the Western networks through which the 
Andropov "Third Rome" faction plans to subvert 
U.S. security and sabotage the new "mutually 
assured survival" strategic doctrine announced by 
President Reagan March 23, 1983. 


The Hot Autumn and Separatism 

The integrity of the nations of Western Europe now 
stands threatened. Under the combined pressures of the 
"peace and disarmament movement" and its terrorist 
wing, the governments of Europe have the choice of 
preserving social and political order or succumbing and 
having their nations ripped apart in violence. 

The "Hot Autumn" of 1983 has begun. 

This EIR Special Report is an indispensable manual 
for political leaders, policy planners, law enforcement 
and security specialists. It is a comprehensive overview 
of the command-and-control centers directing the 
numerous entities dedicated to "neutralizing" Western 

Chaos Not Peace 

The strategic objective of the enemies of the Western 
Alliance is the destruction of the sovereign nations of 
Europe and the dismantling of the United States' policy 
and influence on the European continent. The anti- 
NATO "peace movement" and the separatist terrorism 
of the Basque ETA, Corsican FNLC, et al are a hand-in- 
glove operation directed at redrawing the political and 
geographic map of Europe. 

In reality, the "peace movement" is not concerned 
with stopping the placement of Pershing or Cruise 
missiles on European soil, but is committed to destroying 
the modern nation-state. In conjunction with the an- 
thropologists' network of separatist movements, the ob- 
jective of these "blood and soil" forces is to generate 
throughout Europe a protracted condition of chaos, 
economic depression, regional wars, dionysiac orgies of 
assassination, rioting and insurrection in numerous 

Cui Bono? 

Of course, the Soviet Union benefits. An empire which 
under Yuri Andropov is increasingly being transformed 
into a gnostic theocracy, directed from behind-the-scenes 
by the Russian Orthodox Church, has struck a deal with 
the powerful European aristocratic and financier forces 
that sponsor the Swiss-based Nazi International's 
separatist terrorists. In what they conceive to be a clever 
deal to run the U.S. out of Europe, numerous leaders 
have been most accommodating to Mr. Andropov and 
his puppets. 

A Hobbesian alliance has been negotiated with the 
"Western Empire" division composed of a Lon- 
don/Swiss/Venice axis. Lord Carrington is the most visi- 
ble spokesman of this "empire faction." 

With the "green light", signaled by Kissinger's return 
to political power, the "European integrationists" in all 
political camps are speaking openly of "decoupling" 
Europe from the United States. This tendency is most 
prominent in West Germany, where there has been a 
revival of the old turn-of-the-century idea of "Mit- 
teleuropa." Modeled on the Austro-Hungarian Empire, 
an "independent" Europe would in fact function as a 
satrapy of Holy Mother Russia. 

The destruction of the institution of the sovereign 
nation-state, to be replaced by a Malthusian world- 
federalist order, is the aim of this process. The model of 
ideological reference for this fascist design is the Utopian 
doctrine of the founder of Hapsburg's Pan European 
Union, Count Coudenhove-Kalergi and his "Europe of 
the Regions," with Switzerland as the practical example. 

The disinformation line of the collaborationists 
assisted by Kissinger's U.S. State Dept. diplomatic corps 
is "talk of a hot autumn is a self-fulfilling prophesy." 
This has led to an insane policy of compromise with the 
street-level "grassroots" networks of the peace move- 
ment, treating them as a legitimate political force and 
turning a blind eye to the gamemasters who pull the 
strings from the Kremlin. 

The green-peace movement and its separatist terror 
adjunct are not sociological phenomena. It is only from 
this reference point that effective action can be taken 
against the increasing social disorder. When a politician 
advocates unconstitutional acts against the State, is he or 
she immune to the law? For the present, West Germany 
is experiencing such a nightmare. The newly elected 
Green Party parliamentarians openly defy the Federal 
Constitution by advocating violence against the station- 
ing of the Pershing/Cruise missiles and declare their in- 
tentions to publicly reveal security-related state secrets. 
In Spain, the aboveground support infrastructure for the 
terrorist ETA in the Basque region has been running 
cover for ETA assassination teams by creating riots in 
cities throughout the north of the country. The motive 
for the rioting has been the refusal of Herri Batasuna 
(ETA's aboveground arm) politicians to accept the 
display of the Spanish flag on municipal buildings. 

"Blood and Soil" Separatism 

An understanding of the ideological roots of such 
strange "bedfellows" as Andropov, Kissinger and Carr- 
ington is necessary to develop effective counter-measures 
to the ongoing destabilization of the political and social 
order of Europe. 

In what world are Armenian assassins, Basque, Cor- 
sican and Kalistan terrorists, Bretons, Alsatian, Catalan, 
Sardinian nationalists, Tyrolean fascists, Sicilian 
Mafioso "nationalists," Revolutionary Cell and Red 
Brigade bombers considered "progressive forces?" Only 
in a feudalistic oligarcbist racialist world of empires rul- 
ed by "cultural relativism"-a "blood and soil" world of 

Yuri Andropov, Petra Kelly, Muammar Qaddafi, 
ETA's military commander Txomin, Nazi International 
and Muslim Brotherhood financier Francois Genoud 
and young neo-Nazis agree that: (1) industrial capitalism 
must be destroyed— "Industry pollutes and destroys the 
environment", (2) the development of science and tech- 
nology must be stopped — "No to nuclear energy, it 
leads to war", (3) the modern nation-state must be de- 
stroyed — "Balkanization for everyone." 

The concept of the Herrenvolk, the Master Race, was 
by no means a Nazi original. Long before the Third 
Reich, both Eastern and Western "empire factions" fan- 
cied themselves the Chosen People to rule over the in- 
ferior races. 

A racialist, messianic and imperialistic empire concept 
mediated through the Russian Orthodox Church is today 
the dominant ideology informing Kremlin policy. Marx- 
ism was just a superficial passing phase. Therefore, all is 
justified to make Moscow the "Third and Final Rome." 
The Anglo-Saxon racialism associated with what became 
Milner's Roundtable coheres with a "blood and soil" 
concept. Bertrand Russell, a member of Milner's 
Kindergarden and leading "peacenik," stated quite 
bluntly the real aims of the peace movement. 

In Impact of Science on Society, Russell wrote: "At 
present the population of the world is increasing at about 
58,000 per diem. War, so far, has had no very great ef- 
fect on this increase, which continued throughout each 
of the world wars ... War has hitherto been disappoin- 
ting in this respect... but perhaps bacteriological war may 
prove effective. If a Black Death could spread 
throughout the world once in every generation, survivors 
could orocreate freelv without makine the world too full. 

weapons and rejecting high energy ballistic missile 
defense systems, while cynically supporting conventional 
military build-up. 

The Command Structure 

The command-and-control apparat deploying the fascist 
shocktroops for the "Hot Autumn" is a multifaceted in- 
frastructure with a sophisticated division of labor. Ob- 
taining results like an ETA terrorist murdering a Guardia 
Civil in Bilbao or a Green Party member sabotaging a 
NATO ammunition transport unit requires many 

Collaboration between East and West is required. 
Patriarch Pimen of Moscow, who is responsible for the 
peace movement, runs his operations through institu- 
tions like the World Council of Churches based in 
Geneva, the World Peace Council, the Bertrand Russell 
Foundation and the Prague-based Christian Peace 

Deputy Prime Minister of the Soviet Union Geidar 
Aliyev is responsible for the Separatist International and 
Qaddafi's network. Aliyev's career has taken him from 
his position as former director of the KGB to secretary 
general of the Communist Party of Azerbaijan, where 
for years he developed expertise in manipulating Islamic 
groups and ethnic minorities. Aliyev's work is facilitated 
by an international support network of anthropologists, 
sociologists, lawyers and institutions like CIEMEN. 

The chain of command flowchart includes: 

—The Russian Politburo, Russian Orthodox Church 
and the KGB; 

— Religious institutions such as the Benedictines, 
Jesuits, German Lutheran Church; 

—One World institutions such as the United Nations, 
Club of Rome and the World Council of Churches; 

— Institutions of the European aristocracy such as the 
Venetian Societe Europeenne de Culture, the Danish In- 
stitute, the Coudenhove-Kalergi Foundation, and Euro- 
pean Parliament; 

— Logistical, training and financial command centers 
such as Libva. the Lausanne-based Nazi International- 

Hot Autymn: The Neutralization of Germany 

If everything unfolds according to the desires of most of 
the West German media, without which the "peace 
movement" is not even conceivable, then between 
September 1-3 certain events will occur in the small Swa- 
bian village of Mutlangen, near Schwabisch-Gmtmd, 
which will bring tears to one's eyes. 

Original script, from the Hamburg weekly Die Zeit: 
"On September 1st, 44 years after the end of World War 
II, dozens of world renowned Germans are to sit down 
in front of the gates of the American airfield, among 
them HeiErich Alberta and Helmut Gollwitzer, the angry 
old men of the Church; the ailing Nobel laureate 
Heinrich Boll and Giinter Grass...; the 88-year-old 
William Born alongside Erhard Eppler and Oskar 
Lafontaine and Walter Dirks. These venerables do not 
want to 'belong to the silent ones ever again'." 

For three days, these "fragile old men" (Die Zeit) 
want to persevere in this so-called "blockade of the pro- 
minent ones," to protest against the stationing of Per- 
shing II missiles, and at the same time to serve as an ex- 
ample for what is called "non-violent resistance" in the 
language of the "peace movement." The idea for this ac- 
tion originated with Haus Vack, who can look back 
upon many years of experience in organizing extra- 
parliamentary opposition movements. 

From 1960-1969, he was manager of the Easter March 
Movement, ending up finally, like many other activists 
of the student movement, in the Socialist Office 
(Sozialistischen Buro) in Offenbach, and is now 
spokesman of the "Committee for Basic Rights and 
Democracy" ("Komitee fiir Grundrechte und 
Demokratie"), an organization we will come back to in 
a moment. 

In his opinion, the sit-in of the above-mentioned pro- 
minent representatives of the "peace movement" is a 
grandiose chess move: "This is going to cause the 
government some problems. I can not imagine that the 
government could risk having pictures taken of such 
fragile old men, beyond suspicion, being dragged away 
by young policemen. Boll in prison? That would spread 
around the world. Such a thing cannot be decided by the 
Interior Minister of Baden- Wurttemberg alone. He will 
have to get back-up from Bonn. But if the authorities do 
not take them away, then all the talk about the anarchists 
who are trying to throw Germany into chaos will be end- 
ed once and for all." 

Bertrand Russell and the Two Empires 

In fact, this scenario of Vack's is already more than 50 
years old. Lord Bertrand Russell, who one may 
characterize as one of the most evil persons of the 20th 
century, was the one who, in the 1930s, laid the cor- 
nerstone for the anti-war movement of the 1960s. He 

was the originator of the transformation of the notions 
of "violence" into "non-violence." In 1937, Russell and 
Aldous Huxley founded the Peace Pledge Union, which 
did not prevent Russell from demanding a preventive 
nuclear strike by the United States against the Soviet 
Union in 1946, before the Soviet Union had its own 
nuclear arsenal. Russell's idea was a "world govern- 
ment," or, in other words, an Anglo-Saxon world em- 
pire, which was to have the monopoly over possession 
and use of nuclear weapons. 

When the Soviet Union finally did obtain the H- 
bomb, Russell's idea of a preventive strike was outdated. 
So, in 1957 he organized the foundation of the Pugwash 
Conference, which made Russell's idea of splitting the 
world into an eastern and western division of a one- 
world empire one of its most essential points. At the 
same time, Russell gave birth to the "Ban the Bomb" 
movement of the 1950s, to undermine President 
Eisenhower's policy of "Atoms for Peace" and the 
potential for fruitful cooperation with the Soviet Union. 
The old Peace Pledge Union became the Bertrand 
Russell Peace Foundation, which spawned in the U.S. 
the Institute for Policy Studies, the American SDS and 
the student Anti-War Movement. In 1958, Hans Werner 
Richter became the leader of the West German "Ban the 
Bomb" movement, and was elected to be world chair- 
man of the movement in London one year later. 
Richter's "Group of 47", from which emerged the 
Griinwalder Circle and thus the initial spark for the 
"New Left" and the West German SDS, included as 
members the same "angry old men" we find again 36 
years later in the mentioned "Sit-in of the prominent 
ones" in Mutlangen. 

But such moving scenes, perfect for media play-up, 
cannot escape the fact that the coming "Hot Autumn" 
scenarios we now confront will be non-peaceful in the 
extreme, planned in every detail as if by a General Staff, 
and still being planned. The expected actions range from 
specific terrorist assaults and sabotage operations to 
civil-war-style situations, which will leave the institutions 
of the state only the choice between upholding the princi- 
ple of law, and if necessary, conducting mass-arrests and 
similar measures, or surrendering, and thus accepting 
humiliation. In the latter case, the consequence will be, 
according to the prophesy of Die Zeit, that Chancellor 
Helmut Kohl will have to stand up (like the Minister 
President of Lower Saxony Ernst Albrecht once did after 
the Gorleben hearings) to confess his impotence, and ut- 
ter the "liberating words: the Cruise Missiles and the 
Pershings — unfortunately they cannot be stationed 
here; the NATO double-track resolution is politically 

Wolfgang Stemstein, a Stuttgart peace-researcher who 
has been "discovered" by the peace movement and 


elevated as their acknowledged theoretician after decades 
of impoverished anonymity, has waited for this hot 
autumn "for twenty years". If it works according to his 
plan, "the state will be pushed to the very limits of its 
capacity to rule." And, if the actions this fall are unsuc- 
cessful in preventing stationing of the Pershings, Stern- 
stein is prepared. Then, he says, will come the "non- 
violent riot," understood as an escalation of the so- 
called "non-violent resistance." 

Personally, Sternstein intends "to attempt to storm a 
munitions depot with friends and destroy nuclear 
warheads." Mr. Sternstein is unfortunately not the only 
representative of this nowadays-overpopulated profes- 
sion dedicated to training martyrs who have only one 
aim in the coming clashes: to throw oil onto the fire, to 
"heat up" the movement, and escalate to a "finale." 
The horror vision proliferated through numerous 
newspapers has been that of a West German, or perhaps 
Dutch, demonstrator shot on American military proper- 
ty. That would be the Benno Ohnesorg-effect feared by 
security authorities, and quite likely the trigger for actual 
civil war-style clashes. 

Jo Leinen, the spokesman of the Bundesverband 
Btirgerinitiativen Umweltschutz (BBU — Association of 
Citizens' Initiatives for the Environment), and his 
representatives in the coordinating-committee for the 
Hot Autumn, demanded last October that "the Federal 
Republic should be made ungovernable." The "peace 
movement" intends and is able to accomplish this goal 
at various levels. A resolute general-staff stands ready 
and — not least, thanks to successful media demagogy — 
there is an army of possibly up to three million 
demonstrators, as well as an approximately 
10,000-strong elite-troop operating with guerrilla- 
warfare methods parallel to the demonstrations per se, 
according to information gathered by the Bundesamt ftir 
Verfassungsschutz (Office for the Protection of the 

and journalists, this warning has been consistently ig- 
nored by the German media. How can such a pathetic 
political party like the DKP through its front organiza- 
tions effectively control a considerable part of the 
"peace movement"? Financial dependency. It is certain 
that a large proportion of the 60 million German Marks 
paid annually (according to reports of the Federal 
Ministry of the Interior) by the East German SED to its 
off-shoot in the West, flows into the coffers of the peace 

As another peace-researcher recently emphasized, the 
peace movement now "cannot do without the millions 
from the East," because other sources of funds are lack- 
ing. Numerous "peace offices" in the Federal Republic 
of Germany as well as the "Coordination Office 
Autumn '83" in Bonn are directly supported by funds 
from the DFU (Deutsche Friedensunion— German Peace 
Union, a front-organization of the DKP). 

The Krefeld Appeal, for which both the DKP and 
DFU organized support, demands the unilateral disar- 
mament of NATO. 

Almost without exception, nearly all of the pacifist 
publications portray U.S. President Reagan as the war- 
mongerer par excellence, while the Soviet Union is por- 
trayed as merely reacting to the threatened encirclement 
by NATO, but always ready to negotiate. 

The DKP is most prominently represented in the 
Coordinating Committee by the Committee for Disar- 
mament and Cooperation (KOFAZ), which has a crucial 
leading function for the autumn actions, and the Ger- 
man Peace Society /United Opponents of Military Ser- 
vice (DFG/VK), which is also firmly rooted in the peace 
movement. At one of the northern German coordinating 
conferences last June in Hannover, three-fourths of the 
1200 participants belonged to the DKP-spectrum, and 
the relevant functionaries were brought into the meeting 
in a targetted fashion, often with buses. 

The Evangelical Church in Germany (EKD) 

The EKD functions under a chain of command coor- 
A so-called "Coordinating Committee" has existed for dinated out of the Geneva World Council of Churches 



vironmentalist movement. In 1959, the Forschungstelle 
Evangelischer Studiengemeinschaften (FEST — Research 
Station Evangelical Student Associations), under Georg 
Picht and D.F. Weizsacker, presented the Heidelberg 
Theses, which was the basis for the memorandum issued 
by the FEST Commission in 1983, working under Klaus 
von Schubert. The aim of this memorandum is not only 
to provide the theoretical underpinning of the widely 
held illusion in the peace movement that the West only 
has to show that it is willing to compromise and the 
Kremlin will lose its fear of being encircled. 

The memorandum also contains an explicit attack 
against the only proposal which can be the subject of 
fruitful negotiations: that is, the offer of U.S. President 
Reagan to jointly develop defense systems based on laser 
beams against nuclear missiles, and thus overcome the 
terror of nuclear war forever. Instead, the FEST-Study 
demands a total stop to the development of anti-missile 
defense systems of all kinds, even though it is known that 
the Soviet Union has been developing these kinds of 
systems for many years. 

This demand is not surprising, since Professor von 
Schubert has been for many years an active member of 
the Pugwash Conferences, which function as the essen- 
tial Soviet back-channels to gain influence over western 
scientific circles. 

Additionally, the EKD has maintained relations for 
nearly 30 years to the Russian Orthodox Church, which 
has sent delegations with increasing frequency into the 
West to support the peace movement in Western Europe 
and the United States. A forty-man delegation recently 
travelled for a number of weeks in the United States, and 
at the conference of the Evangelical Church in Han- 
nover, Russian Orthodox Archbishop Pitirim of 
Moscow was personally present along with other 
representatives of the Russian Orthodox Church. 

Judging from all available information, it must be 
presumed that a large part of the leadership of the EKD 
belongs to the string-pullers of the Hot Autumn. EKD 
theologian Doroihee Solle announced the planned 
scenario at the recently concluded conference of the 
World Council of Churches: the Federal Republic of 
Germany is a militarist state and battles must be waged 
against NATO domination and capitalism; she feared 
deaths on both sides (demonstrators and police). Pastor 
Heinrich Albertz is clearly of the same opinion. Back in 
September 1981 (sic) he was already saying that 
"thousands of people will be on the march... but this 
time it will be different from Brokdorf (the anti-nuclear 
energy demonstrations), because these people will be up 
against military personnel with orders to shoot." But, a 
high purpose justifies sacrifices. 

At the Hannover church conference, Albertz said that 
"the openly announced scenarios of mass destruction 
(by means of NATO missiles) go beyond the crimes of 
Hitler." All norms of law, he claimed, were reduced to 
nothing in the face of such things. Recently, Albertz 
remarked that "certain paragraphs in today's civil law 
originated with the former dictator-state" (a reference to 
the old Prussian state), with respect to the discussion in 

the peace movement about non-violence and the princi- 
ple of law. 

Another high EKD functionary and Federal Judge, 
Helmut Simon, also gained notoriety for his perversion 
of the concept of law, when he attempted to derive a 
constitutionally founded right to resistance out of his re- 
jection of NATO armament resolutions. In 1978, at the 
Evangelical Academy in Tutzing, Simon had criticized 
the anti-terrorist laws, and warned against "overreac- 
ting" for the purpose of protecting the democratic state. 
Then in 1982 at a seminar at the Evangelical Academy 
in Bad Boll, he developed the idea of a "consultative 
popular referendum" on the stationing of missiles. 

Once arguments are made on the basis of the alleged 
discrepancy between "legality" and "legitimacy", be- 
tween "public opinion" and the text of the law, the 
ultimate aim is the justification of illegal acts, which are 
consciously expected and planned by the representatives 
of the EKD in the course of the coming Hot Autumn. In 
fact, the personal connections of the EKD represen- 
tatives range well into the violent and pro-terrorist spec- 
trum of the peace movement. In the ESG in Hamburg, 
for example, meetings with representatives of the 
"autonomous" peace groups take place on a weekly 
basis; a few weeks ago, in the course of a discussion on 
the question of violence, a vote occurred which deter- 
mined that "we want to be the water in which the violent 
fish swim." 

The leader of the ESG in Mainz, Pastor Michael 
Arndt, participated in a meeting in the beginning of July 
on the sabotage of NATO munitions transport where 
representatives from the entire Federal Republic discuss- 
ed their experiences in espionage or attacks against muni- 
tions ships and bomb-transport trains, and where Eed 
Army Fraktion veteran Margit Schiller was personally 
present. A strategy paper presented at this meeting on 
the question of how supplies to NATO troops could be 
cut off was possibly co-authored by Eudolf Rabe, 
recently suspected to be an activist of the Revolutionary 
Cells. In September 1982, Pastor Arndt was arrested as 
he was driving in a car together with Rabe and Stemmler. 

The Committee for Basic Rights and 

This organization, founded in 1980, and represented in 
the Coordinating Committee by Klaus Vack, has a 
crucial function within the peace movement, with respect 
to the previously discussed juridical justification of alleg- 
ed resistance actions. Among the supporters of a call of 
the Committee protesting a court proceeding against at- 
torney Hardle, imprisoned in 1981 for violation of state 
security laws, are: Pastor Heinrich Albertz, Walter 
Dirks, Ingeborg Drewitz, Ossip K. Flechtheim, Helmut 
Gollwitzer, attorney Heinrich Hannover, attorney 
Holtfort, Robert Jungk, Jo Leinen, Wolf Dieter Narr, 
Oskar Negt, Ulrich Preuss, Helmut Ridder (Krefeld Ap- 
peal), Jtirgen Seifert, Johanno Strasser, Klaus Traube, 
Michael Vester, etc. 


Berlin University teacher Wolf Dieter Nan-, 
spokesman of the Committee, is also a supporter of the 
Netzwerk Selbsthilfe e.V. ("Network Self-Help"), one 
of the important coordination centers for alternative 
groups, newspapers, and for the house-occupation 
scene. In 1981, around the occasion of the TUWAT 
Conference in Berlin, Narr voiced the idea that the death 
of a demonstrator in a house-occupation demonstration 
could act as a "signal" to activate the entire movement. 
Shortly thereafter, one demonstrator, Klaus Jiirgen Rat- 
tay, was injured by a bus in one of the clashes and died. 
The Committee for Basic Rights, in a letter to the Berlin 
Senator for the Interior (called "like the Fuhrer" in the 
letter) blamed the Senator of the Interior for the death. 
As is known, numerous clashes then followed the death 
of Rattay in many cities of the Federal Republic. 

The Committee for Basic Rights and Democracy also 
originated the draft of a petition to the German 
Bundestag to permit a consultative popular referendum 
on the issue of the stationing of missiles. This proposal 
is interesting for two reasons: first, the introduction of 
such a plebicitary element would infringe upon a fun- 
damental aspect of constitutionality, with very damaging 
potential political consequences; secondly, such a 
referendum, whatever the result, would merely justify 
the actions of the peace movement. In a discussion paper 
presented to the international peace conference May 9-14 
in Berlin, the same theme was addressed in the following 
way: "Even if a popular referendum turned out 
negatively for us, it will have broadened our ranks and 
can contribute legitimacy and weight to the actions of 
civil disobedience that then become necessary. We would 
be able to appeal to the fact that we had exhausted all 
so-called legal means before turning to actions of non- 
violent resistance, which will then be necessary." 

Reference is then made to Article 20. (4) of the Basic 
Law which gives every citizen the right to resist, insofar 
as the constitution is threatened and all legal means to 
avert the danger have been exhausted. The fact, 
however, is that the danger to the constitution comes 
from the pacifists themselves, in that the constitution is 
arbitrarily interpreted and the attempt is made to change 

cesses, the presentation refers to the "appropriateness of 
the means," and recently a Stuttgart court went so far as 
to distinguish between "illegal" and "morally 
untenable" actions. The jurist E. Kuchenhoff, who 
argues in the same direction, sees the serious violation of 
laws and constitutional norms as justified if the issue is 
the alleged preservation of the constitution. Or, Pro- 
fessor Daubler: "Passive violence (whatever that may 
be) is not morally reprehensible when the issue is to alter 
an anti-constitutional condition." 

The "Autonomous" Groups 

These groups, represented in the Coordinating Commit- 
tee as the "Federal Congress of Development Policy Ac- 
tion Groups" (Professor Masserat), the "Federal Con- 
gress of Autonomous Peace Initiatives" (BAF) and the 
"Federation of Groups for Non- Violent Activities," are 
the ones that least hide the character of their actions. 
"Our means are blockades and sabotage actions, with 
which we close down sites of missiles and cut off supply 
routes," says one of their discussion papers. 

As the President of the Verfassungsschutz (Office for 
Protection of the Constitution) Hellenbroich said recent- 
ly in a television interview, the autonomous groups pride 
themselves on having concluded the observation phase, 
and are now in possession of a complete plan of routes 
of munitions trains. There are, additionally, munitions 
boats, and precise observation of the planned sites for 
stationing of the missiles themselves. "Peace camps" are 
already occurring throughout the Federal Republic, in 
which "non-violent" action is taught and organized ac- 
tivities for espionage of military facilities and maneuvers 
in the vicinity of the camps are conducted. The essential 
function of these camps, which otherwise regrettably re- 
mind one of the youth movement of the 1920s, is of 
course the "strategic dicussion," which often takes on 
the form of group-dynamics psycho-sessions to condi- 
tion hesitant pacifists to the coming actions. According 
to press reports, a good 15,000 pacifists will be processed 
through such camps this summer. In northern Germany 
in particular, a comprehensive information network is 

j.T_ ' _ 


press" also mentions the U.S. garrison in Garlstedt, 
kaserns of the Bundeswehr and 5-6 nuclear missile sites. 
In Rheinland Pfalz, former sites of Nike-Hercules 
missiles in Wuschheim (Hunsriick) and Quir- 
nheim/Griinstadt near Bad Diirkheim have been cited as 
stationing sites for Cruise Missiles, using a handbook 
published by Alfred Mechtersheimer ("Storage and 
Transportation of Nuclear Weapons"). Numerous 
military facilities, especially in Hunsriick, have been 
observed and photographed. Observations included the 
form, strength and behavior of security personnel. A 
legal suit is currently in process (which may go to the 
Federal Attorney's Office) against the newspaper Hun- 
sruckforum, which published photographs of the 
facilities. Five hundred women of a "Resistance Camp" 
in Reckershausen managed a few weeks ago to break 
open the gate of a military facility after overcoming the 
security fence. They went into the military facility, and 
"occupied" it temporarily. 

At the already-mentioned nationwide meeting against 
munitions transportation, which took place at the begin- 
ning of July in the offices of the ESG in Mainz, various 
reports were made of successful observations and actions 
in Bremen and Dorsten. The strategy-debate that was 
conducted here leaves no doubt as to the intentions of 
the participants, who despise the official peace move- 
ment as "demonstration visitors corrupted by the SPD." 
The discussion paper presented there develops a strategy 
for partisan- warfare-like maneuvers: 

"Cutting off supply lines, in terms of military 
categories (and this is the issue of transportation) is a 
classical goal for an army to initiate the political and 
military defeat of the adversary. The unfortunately 
necessary military considerations signify the political de- 
mand that U.S. troops be withdrawn from the Federal 
Republic of Germany." 

"In order to become a real political force, it is 
necessary to come to terms with the entirety of the 
political and military strategy, and significance of 
NATO, to search out the vulnerabilities against which we 
can develop a continuous and self-determined attack." 
One must "make an issue out of and attack the entire 
military apparatus and its function." 

"We believe that it is possible for us to develop a prac- 
tical resistance against munitions transportation, because 
we will not be up against militarily secured facilities, but 
rather we attack precisely where we can set obstacles to 
something and throw sand in the machinery. It is far 
more difficult for the U.S. Army and the security ap- 
paratus of the Federal Republic to secure all military 
transports, than to keep a watch on individual depots 
and facilities. It must, however, be clear to us just what 
kind of a confrontation we are getting into, and what it 
means for our campaign." 

The most important consequences are "the collection 
and completion of our information about the entire 
military infrastructure, in order... to make it possible to 
see through those structures" and "to take the coming 
stocking-up of the depots in the context of the wartime 

host nation support program as the starting point for 
direct prevention of the transports." 

Similarly, the organizers in Nordenham claim that this 
will be the site for Autumn actions "which will constitute 
a signal against imperialism that cannot be overlooked." 
In a speech at the northern German Coordinating Con- 
ference, published in the "Atom Express" from Gdt- 
tingen, it is argued that there should be no demonstra- 
tion in Hamburg on October 22, as the "moderate" 
peace movement demands, but rather in 
Bremerhaven/Nordenham, in order to seek a direct con- 
frontation there: 

"One possible route of the stationing is over the 
Unterweser. We can prove that nuclear warheads are 
continuously landed via Nordenham. . .This site can 
become a symbol for the peace movement, similar to the 
Startbahn West (Frankfurt Airport runway), or 
Brokdorf (site of a nuclear energy plant) for the Anti- 
Nuclear Energy Movement... If NATO seriously goes 
ahead with the stationing, then we will get serious with 
our resistance. NATO is serious. NATO is deadly 

Objections within the autonomous groups to the 
planned actions are based merely on tactical targetting 
disagreements. With the same criteria, as reported from 
circles of the Verfassungsschutz, Revolutionary Cell 
groups discuss what would happen if a munitions 
transport train were exploded, and how Germans might 
be protected in the action. 

There is allegedly a new evaluations paper in circula- 
tion, dealing with the action in Krefeld, where for the 
first time there was a direct attack against a security con- 
voy. This paper also reports on a discussion which occur- 
red in August between autonomous groups and Palesti- 
nians, who offered valuable advice. 

The Verfassungsschutz fears that terrorist groups will 
attempt to "smuggle themselves" into the campaign 
against NATO armaments. A Revolutionary Cell-like 
group by the name of "Autumn Beginning" (Herbstan- 
fang) took responsibility for the bomb attack against the 
U.S. Officers Club in Hahn in Hunsriick a few weeks 
ago. The letter confessing responsibility refers to the 38th 
anniversary of the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, 
and demands to "bring together the various initiatives 
for resistance in the BRD." 

It would be a fatal mistake to overlook the fact that 
the militant peace movement has already become a part 
of the pro-terrorist scene, and, as the interfaces described 
above show, are consciously tolerated by the 
"moderate" or "orthodox" peace movement. 


At the end of last year, there were a whole series of bomb 
attacks against American housing areas, private cars of 
American soldiers, etc. "Peace researcher" Alfred 
Mechtersheimer has commented on these attacks in the 
Tageszeitung: "Everyone must know that the attacks 
upon American soldiers, which one must naturally con- 


demn, are the beginning of a protest against foreign 

This statement is one of many examples of what the 
issue for the peace movement really is. Foreign domina- 
tion, or NATO domination, as Dorothee Solle says, is to 
be shaken off and replaced with the "security partner- 
ship" with the DDR. The various proposals for a 
"nuclear free zone" through Europe between the blocs 
go in the same direction. What the various groups have 
in common in conception— from the national- 
revolutionary, or "conservative revolutionary" notions 
of Armin Mohler up to the ultra-left Alternative List in 
Berlin— is the vision of a "Mittel Europa" (Central 
Europe) decoupled from the two superpowers, in whose 
center there would stand a re-unified, neutralized 

In the opinion of Alfred Mechtersheimer, Chancellor 
Helmut Kohl assumed in his last speech on the "State of 
the Nation" "the way of thinking of Egon Bahr." Just 
a few months ago, every member of the Christian 
Democratic Union would have rejected such a claim in 

outrage. Even after the recent maneuvers of Franz Josef 
Strauss, the outrage is still to come. 

Countess Marion Donhoff's Die Zeit, which features 
ex-Chancellor Helmut Schmidt as co-publisher, suspects 
that behind the peace movement there is a "discomfort 
about the western culture, whose richness guarantees no 
spiritual well-being; a critique of that civilization with its 
destruction of nature and its soul of weapons; that in- 
determinate feeling that a fundamental change is 
necessary in basic human values." 

Alfred Mechtersheimer, who has twice travelled 
together with other pacifists, greenies and separatists to 
Colonel Qaddafi, the behind-the-scenes leader of the 
European "peace movements," also demands that there 
be an "opening toward non-western impulses." 

Who profits from a republic which is destabilized 
from the inside and— as one journalist formulated the 
point recently— where "people stormily demonstrate," 
and which is disarmed by cutting itself loose from the 
western defense alliance? 

Calendar of "Actions' 

Aug. 6 to Sept. 17 

"Women for Peace" march from Berlin to Geneva. 
Aug. 20 to Sept. 4 

Peace camp near Mutlangen (Schwabisch-Gmund). From 
Sept. 1st on, up to 100 wellknown writers, priests and 
politicians will participate in a blockade of the Quick- 
Reaction-Alert site in Mutlangen. 
Aug. 23 

Meeting of "autonomous groups" in Cologne to coor- 
dinate further actions. 
Aug. 29 to Sept. 9 
Summer university at Alicante in Spain. 

Sept. 4 

Coordination meeting in the Evangelical youth center in 
Wiesbaden to plan concrete actions against the US head- 
quarters in Wiesbaden, the US Air Base, the weapons firm 
Ferranti and other sites in the area. 
Sept. 9 

Plenum of autonomous peace groups in Wuppertal at the 
"Borse" center, where a police raid in July uncovered 
heavy terrorist infiltration. 
Sept. 10 

Pro-Nicaragua demonstrations in Berlin, Mainz, Ham- 
burg, Stuttgart and Essen. 

"H"T_*:i O -A 


Until Sept. 24 

Peace camp '83 in Grosengstingen near the nuclear 
weapon depot "Golf" with the participation of prominent 

Until Sept. 30 

International peace meeting in Comiso, Sicily (organized 
by CUDIP, Action Reconciliation etc.). 
Oct. 1 

Big demonstration in Bonn organized by the German Sec- 
tion of the International Physicians for the Prevention of 
Nuclear War (IPPNW). Simultaneously the European ac- 
tion day of the IPPNW takes place in all West and East 
European capitals. 
Oct. 2 

International march for demilitarization in Brussels. 
Oct. 13 to Oct. 15 

Big blockades against NATO installations, including the 
US military sealift command, the Karl-Schurz-barracks in 
Bremerhaven or the private Midgard port in Nordenham. 
These actions are organized by autonomous groups, above 
all the Arbeitskreis Wesermarsch that is famous for 
violent anti-nuclear actions. 
Oct. 15 to Oct. 22 

Action week with blockades, human chains, demonstra- 
tions in Bonn, Hamburg, Neu-Ulm, Stuttgart, Cologne. 
Oct. 15 

Decentralized start-off with blockades in Bremerhaven, 
Ramstein, Arsbeck. Contact address for the start-off is 
the DKP-influenced KOFAZ (Committee for Peace, 
Disarmament and Cooperation). Blockade of nuclear 
weapons depot in Ronshein. 
Oct. 16 
Resistance day of the churches. 

Big peace mass in Julich organized by a group of EKD 
Oct. 17 

Resistance day of the women. For that day "especially 
creative" actions have been announced. Among other 
things the Thyssen steel factory in Duisburg will be 

Oct. 18 

Day of antimilitarism and of international solidarity with 
the struggles in Nicaragua, El Salvador and liberation 
movements in the third world, Indians, etc. The develop- 
ment ministry in Bonn will be blocked, the Bundeswehr 
academy in Hamburg as well as the NATO headquarters 
in Heidelberg and the US forces command center in Stut- 
tgart will be besieged. The action conference on the May 
28-29 in Frankfurt deliberated on blocking the nuclear 
weapons depot in Kellinghusen, the ammunition transport 
centers in Nordenham and Bremerhaven, the air force 
headquarter in Bitburg and the Pershing sites in Neu-Ulm 
and Mutlangen. 
Oct. 19 

Resistance day of the workers. The DGB called for par- 
ticipation of its members. Single strike actions have been 
Oct. 20 

Resistance day of the schools. Strikes by teachers and 
pupils have been announced, also by the German Teachers 
Union (GEW). 
Oct. 21 

Resistance day of the parliaments. Blockades and occupa- 
tions of ministries, parliaments and authorities have been 
planned. The coordination is basically taken care of by the 
Committee for Basic Rights and Democracy. The develop- 
ment ministry in Bonn, among others, will be blocked. 
Oct. 22 

Mass meetings in Bonn, Hamburg, Stuttgart. 
Oct. 22 to Oct. 23 

Mass demonstrations of the peace movements in Belgium, 
Italy, etc. 
Oct. 29 

Mass demonstration of the Dutch peace movement in The 

Nov. 6 to Nov. 16 
"Peace decade" of the churches. 
Dec. 15 

Air transporters will bring 18 Pershings via Heilbronn to 
Mutlangen and Cruise Missiles to Comiso and Greenham. 


Case Studies 

1 Drei Lander Eck/Alemanen Tribe 


According to West German police sources monitoring 
the activities of the Revolutionary Cells and the Rote 
Armee Fraktion (RAF), a major terrorist buildup is go- 
ing on in the Stuttgart/Karlsruhe area. Probable targets 
include the U.S./NATO military presence in Baden 
Wurttemberg, including the Stuttgart EUCOM, the 
European Unified Command. This buildup includes 
developing safehousing, smuggling, and communica- 
tions for terrorist support utilizing crossings of the con- 
verging borders of Switzerland, West Germany, and 
France. The area, called Drei Lander Eck by the 
regionalist scene, includes Karlsruhe and Stuttgart on the 
north, up the banks of the Rhein including Strasburg to 
Mulhouse on the French side and Freiburg, and Basel 
and Zurich in northern Switzerland. The pretence for a 
"regional consciousness" is the alleged common tribal 
stock dating from the settling of the Alemanen tribes in 
this area from 300 to 500 A.D. and the Alemannisch 
dialect. Cultish attachments to this feudal identity have 
always provided a fertile ground for subversion against 
the stability of the nation state. Both neo-Nazi and left 
groups utilize this tribalism in their propaganda. The 
Hapsburgian family line originates out of Alsace, which 
explains the prominence of appendages of Otto von 
Hapsburg in the regionalist and autonomist movements 
throughout Europe. 

Following are the organizations and personnages mak- 
ing this area one of the chief terrorist support centers in 

Radio Dreyeckland 

This network of about 6 editorial staffs with several il- 
legal broadcasting stations grew out of the 1977-78 anti- 

nilflAar Viat+loc nf XHTtrM on/) T}a 

T+ f, *: 

which included neo-Nazi groups as well as leftists. The 
Freiburg center is Der Freundeskreis Radio Dreyeckland, 
at the Fabrik, Hapsburgerstr. 9. 

Black Wolves/EIsass-Lothringen Volksbund 

The Black Wolves is a terrorist cell made up of former 
Hitler Jugend members from Elsass that conducted 
bombings against "French imperialist" targets between 
1976 and 1981 on the South Tyrol model. Prosecuted in 
the Mulhouse courts in 1982, the group was defended by 
a key advisor to the Elsass-Lothringen Volksbund, 
Pierre Zind, author of Elsass-Lothringen— The Forbid- 
den Nation. Head of this autonomist Volksbund is Fer- 
dinand Mosehenross who is a collaborater of Dr. Iffrig 
who fled to Africa because of war-time Nazi associa- 
tions. Moschenross supports the anti-nuclear movement 
in Drei Lander Eck saying nuclear energy leads to a cen- 
tralized police state. Via the group Defense and Promo- 
tion of the French Languages of Marcel Texier the 
Volksbund coordinates with separatists and autonomists 
in Occitan, Breton, Catalonia, Corsica, and the Basque 
(Texier coordinates with the Barcelona CEEMEN). They 
characterize the French nation as a colonial power which 
they intend to neutralize via separatist conflicts. 

Further defenders of the Black Wolves include the 
Rene Schickele Circle in Strasburg and the publication 
Der Westen of the Society of Friends and Promoters of 
the Erwin Von Steinbach Foundation of Filderstadt and 
Stuttgart. Westen poses the question whether Elsass- 
Lothringen wouldn't have won concessions from the 
Paris government, like the Corsicans, if the Black 
Wolves were able to continue their bombing spree. Dur- 
ing the war Hitler's Gauleiter for Elsass, Robert Wagner, 
recruited the head of the autonomists, H. Bickler, to 
help form an SS division. 


Hoffmann-LaRoche and Sandoz, and the Paris Institute 
for Agronomy of Club of Rome member Rene Dumont. 

Longo Mai is a series of "back-to-nature" communes 
stretching from southern France, through Switzerland to 
the Carinthia region of Austria. It was founded out of 
the Trotskyist Spartakus youth organisation Hydra. 
Members of Hydra were implicated in the Basel 
Bandlisstrasse weapons smuggling service for the Rote 
Armee Fraktion. Leader of the Basel office is Gotthard 
Klingler, the Carinthia commune Nicholas Busch, and 
the French, Roland Perrot and Francois Bouchardeau. 
Perrot has been denied visas to Switzerland on grounds 
of potential involvement with weapons smuggling. 
Bouchardeau is son of the current French Environment 
minister. Nicholas Bell, who operates out of the southern 
France Forcalquier commune and Basel, is currently 
organizing a defense campaign for Turkish terrorists and 
Kurdish separatists. Longo Mai runs an operation in 
Costa Rica that works closely with Central American 
guerrilla groups. 




In October of 1977 the body of West German industry 
leader Hans Martin Schleyer was found in a car near 
Mulhouse, killed by his RAF kidnappers. During the 
RAF's 1977 terror wave the Drei Land Ecke was a major 
logistics area for their international operations. At this 
time Longo Mai members were stopped frequently at the 
borders; on one occasion, they were caught carrying a 
large sum of money. Remy Perrot spoke at a large 

meeting in Paris protesting the West German extradition 
request for Klaus Croissant, an RAF member and lawyer 
known for his contacts with the Zurich terrorist scene. 
According to American sources, Longo Mai came up in 
a 1983 Interpol hunt for RAF member Susanne 
Albrecht. Longo Mai possesses significant capacity for 
communication and safehousing from Frankfurt to 
Switzerland and Paris. According to AEP, a French anti- 
Longo Mai group, the head of Editions Longo Mai was 
an SS officer. 

Giorgio Bellini 

Address: Helmutstrasse 9, Zurich Telephone: 00411 


Bellini is a top-level international terrorist controller who 
in 1974 was responsible editor for the publication 
Klassenkampf that published articles promoting the 
RAF, Red Brigades, and Autonimisti. He ran the Inter- 
national Department for Potere Operaio in Zurich. In 
1975 he was arrested in connection with the "Zurich 
Anarchists" of Petra Krause. He had in his possession a 
key to a train station locker with weapons in it. In 1979, 
Bellini was charged by the Italian authorities with sup- 
porting the Red Brigades. He has lent his help and pen 
to the Swiss terrorist publications Tell and Eisbecher. 
Bellini works closely with the Soviet-controlled Interna- 
tional Association of Democratic Lawyers member Ber- 
nard Rambert and his partner Kistler who travel weekly 
between Zurich, Paris, Vienna, Italy, and Bulgaria. This 
terrorist lawyers circle includes Jacques Verges, Spazzali, 
and Klaus Croissant. Bellini is also active, like the Longo 
Mai people, in ongoing support work for Turkish 

Bulgarian Connection 

According to Mulhouse Judge Sengelin, Switzerland and 
Elsass are command centers and crossroads for an inter- 
national cigarette-smuggling network that also handles 
weapons and drugs. Basel is a major transshipment point 
with Swiss law not acknowledging the illegality of smug- 
gling. The East Germans and Bulgarians are heavily in- 
volved as well as certain Western intelligence agencies. 
According to Judge Sengelin the Basque ETA terrorists 
control the southern France/Spanish side of the smuggl- 
ing. In the Munich area old Nazis are involved. Austrian 
businessman Meinhold Kurz, who operates out of a Basel 
company WEFA A.G. is involved with Yugoslavian 
political police connections via his procurist Brancho 
Stimac. Stimac is reported to have ties into the Longo 
Mai commune in Carinthia. Longo Mai has involved 
itself with the Slovenian minority in this area along with 
Tfaeodor Veiter of Europa Ethnica. 



Full Name: Centre International Escarre per a les 
Minories Etniques i Nacionals. This is Catalan for Inter- 
national Escarre Center for Ethnic and National 
Minorities. Dom Aureli Escarre was the Abbot of the 
Catalan Abbey of Montserrat (Benedictine) until he was 
recalled by the Vatican for pro-separatist tendencies in 

Address: Pau Claris 106, Barcelona, Spain 

Phone: 302-0144 

Branch Offices: Minoranze, Italy; Abbaye de Sant Mi- 

quel de Cuixa, 66500 Prada de Conflent, France 

President: Felip Sole y Sabaris 

Secretary General: Angel Colom 

Secretary: Aureli Argemi 


Founded 1975 in order, according to its promoters, to 
"increase the consciousness of those peoples and ethnic 
minorities deprived of a state, which are threatened in 
their continuity as a nation" (El Pais, August 7, 1983). 
In fact, the CIEMEN maintains contact with at least 
the following ethnic minorities and associations: 

KURDS Angel Colom travelled to Kurdistan (Iran) 
late 1982, stayed there for three months. On his return, 
founded Catalano-Kurdish Friendship Society in 
Barcelona. Violent incidents between Iraqi embassy of- 
ficials and Kurds at a CIEMEN-sponsored meeting in 
Barcelona in April, 1983. Kurds participate in anti- 
NATO CIEMEN meeting August, 1983 at Sant Miquel. 

ARMENIANS In private conversations, Aureli 
Argemi strongly supported the Armenian cause. 

CELTS The CIEMEN maintains an extensive net- 
work of contacts in French Brittany, British Wales, 
Spanish Galicia and Ireland (Sinn Fein) under the pretext 
of preserving the Celtic language. Aureli Argemi par- 

speak an Italian dialect called Genoese and Argemi is 
working to "normalize" the various sub-dialects into a 
"national" language. 

SARDINIANS Argemi is working on a similar 
linguistic project for Sardinia. Members of the Partito 
Sarda d'Azzione (PSA) were invited to the anti-NATO 
seminar this month at Sant Miquel. One member of the 
PSA was recently arrested by Judge Marchetti in Corsica 
for links to Qadaffi and pro-terrorist activities. 

Friuli in Italy, Eritrea in Ethiopia, Vail d'Aoste in Ita- 
ly, French and Belgian Flanders and Yugoslavian 
Slovenia are also subjects of the attention of the 
CIEMEN. On March 3, 1983, for example, a CIEMEN 
delegation visited Kosovo in Yugoslavia, Wales, Ireland 
and Belgium to gather "linguistic information" to create 
a "world studies center of nationalities" according to 

EUSKADI (Basque country) The CIEMEN has 
always and unequivocally supported the ETA terrorist 
group as a "national liberation movement". See for ex- 
ample, their official minutes of the meeting at Sant Mi- 
quel de Cuixa in August, 1978, published in Nationalia 
by the Abbey of Montserrat (near Barcelona) in 1979. 
Furthermore, as CIEMEN guest G. Jauregui states in 
Nationalia, this includes both South and North Euskadi, 
that is, France as well as Spain. 

Members of Herri Batasuna (the political front group 
of ETA in Spain) have attended every congress of the 
CIEMEN. A large number of HB members have been 
arrested since 1977 for participation in acts of violence 
in Euskadi. 

OCCITANIA The CIEMEN fully supports the pro- 
gram of Volem Viure al Pais ("We wish to remain in our 
land"), a separatist group operating in several French 
provinces south of the Loire, generically called Pro- 
vence. The term Occitania, and the idea of an Occitanian 
state separate from France, was coined by a Benedictine 
monk in the XVII century. 

Volem Viure al Pais has demanded the withdrawal of 
all French troops from Occitanian soil, the return to a 


Catalan government was obliged to withdraw its sup- 
port, as did the Socialist Party. 


As mentioned above, the CIEMEN collaborates with 
several movements like the Sardinian and Corsican, the 
Kurdish and the Eritreans, which we have documented 
elsewhere as financed by Libyan dictator Qadaffi. This 
of course points to a direct KGB connection. The 
CIEMEN also receives money (see above) from the 
Catalan government and has access to funds of the 
Benedictine order internationally (see below). 

On August 7, 1983, Felip Sole, the CIEMEN's presi- 
dent told El Pais Catalan edition (El Pais is the largest- 
circulation daily in Spain), that accusations launched by 
EIR and Nouvelle Solidarity of Libyan funding were 
outrageous, that the CIEMEN is financed by its 400 
members, and that he would place himself at the disposal 
of any and all to open the books and show names and 
details proving there is no foreign financing. So far, the 
CIEMEN has not done this. 

Criminal Record 

In June, 1972, Josep Villol and Raimon Civil, monks at 
Sant Miquel de Cuixa, were forbidden to live in any 
French province bordering Spain. According to Le 
Monde, the French daily, dated June 1, 1972, "hospitali- 
ty carries risks with it, and it is likely that monks at Sant 
Miquel de Cuixa served as asylum-givers to clandestine 
political refugees..." A third monk had his residence 
permit cut by the French authorities from 3 years to 3 
months. Le Monde comments that Sant Miquel de Cuixa 
monks were on the blacklist of the Spanish internal 
security police. 

They were unfortunately allowed to return in 
February 1973. 

Between 1963 and 1965, the abbot of Montserrat, 
Aureli Escarre, spiritual father of the CIEMEN, was 
supporting separatism so openly in Catalonia that the 
Vatican recalled him. In an interview to Le Monde in 
November, 1963, he openly and strongly defended ETA. 

On arriving in exile in Milan, his first move was to give 
an interview to the communist newspaper L'Unita. On 
November 16, 1965, the Vatican forbade the monks at 
Montserrat to continue teaching philosophy and 
theology due to their pro-separatist stand. 


The history of the CIEMEN is inextricably linked to that 
of the Benedictines. Catalonia since the ninth century 
has been a major power base for the order in the 
Mediterranean area. The Benedictines come from the 
same anachorite and hermit-cult movements in Alexan- 
dria (Egypt) in the second and third century, which laun- 
ched the Orthodox center of Mount Athos. They have 
always maintained the closest relations to Mount Athos, 
and to Russian Orthodoxy in general. They introduced 

the feudal system wherever they went. Basically, they are 
an oriental, pre-christian cult formation, opposed to the 
Roman Church and the filioque doctrine, and to the 
creation of secular nation-states, as their vitriolic opposi- 
tion to Charlemagne indicates. 

There are Benedictine abbeys in every area of 
separatist-terrorist activities. It is no accident that LIcio 
Gelli, grandmaster of the Propaganda 2 lodge, was a 
habitue of the Benedictine monastery of St. Honorat, off 
Cannes (77 Giomale, August 20, 1983). 

Montserrat was where Ignacio de Loyola, founder of 
the Jesuit order, received his early training in 1522 and 
1525. Basque separatism is thus an outgrowth of 
Benedictine Catalan separatism. 

Returning to more modern times, as soon as Dom 
Aureli Escarre, exiled abbot of Montserrat, arrrived in 
Milan in 1965, he took contact with Feltrinelli, the 
Italian radical publisher whom we have documented 
elsewhere to be an instrument of the KGB until his 
murder. Escarre also maintained close relations with 
Lelio Basso and his son Pietro, founders of the Lelio 
Basso Foundation, which was in fact created at the Ab- 
bey of Montserrat. This foundation is known to be 
Libyan-financed, and Basso was at the origin of the 
Italo-Libyan friendship society. Aureli Argemi, present 
master of Sant Miquel de Cuixa and Secretary of the 
CIEMEN of which he is the main thinker, was the per- 
sonal secretary of Escarre and responsible for relations 
with Feltrinelli and Basso. 

During the Milan period, Escarre and Argemi created 
a whole new range of separatist contacts in Vail d' Aoste, 
Friuli, Sardinia and so on, consolidating the Libyan con- 
nection. In 1965, a group of "dissident monks" left 
Montserrat, and moved a few dozen kilometers to Sant 
Miquel de Cuixa, just over the Franco-Spanish border on 
the French side. This abbey has outbuildings able to 
house about 200 people, and accusations by Spanish 
police that ETA and GRAPO terrorists have been 
safehoused there are numerous. The CIEMEN was not 
officially founded however until 1975, that is until the 
death of Franco. 

On August 5, 1983, the Diario de Barcelona published 
a long article concerning allegations launched by EIR 
and Nouvelle Solidarite against the CIEMEN. The 
following day, the same newspaper, linked to the pro- 
terrorist Berliner Tageszeitung, had succeeded in 
organizing virtually overnight an indignant support com- 
mittee for the CIEMEN, including about 15 organiza- 
tions and individuals. Among these: the international 
president of Pax Romana, Felix Marti; the Club Arnau 
de Villanova, headed by Basque pro-terrorist 
"sociologist" JX. Aranguren; and the Seminari de 

The latest activity of the CIEMEN was a seminar 
organized between August 16 and August 22, 1983, to 
coordinate regional separatist movements with the 
ecologist-terrorist movements in preparation for the 
"hot autumn" and the installation of the Pershing 
missiles. Military expert Captain Pitarcn of Valencia was 
present to direct the "military operations" side of the 


mass riots these small groups are expected to touch off 
against NATO. Present at the seminar were French and 
Spanish Catalans, French Occitanians, Bretons, Scots, 
Corsicans, Sardinians, Friullians, Galicians, Basques, 
Flemish, Slovenians, Eritreans, Kurds 


The CIEMEN uses left-wing anti-capitalist, anti- 
imperialist jargon. Programs they support, such as 
Volem Viure al Pais, are always feudal in structure and 
content. They do not hesitate to call on explicitly fascist 
writers such as Rovira y Virgili, a Catalan historian who 
died in 1949 and was the author of the first attempt to 
cast a "race theory" for Catalonia, in support of their 

Using the spurious argument that virtually every 
linguistic group is also a racial group and therefore has 
a right to its own "nation", they have launched projects 
for the "normalization" of Corsican, Sardinian, etc. 
dialects and linguistics studies of regions like Quebec 
(Canada). These linguistic divisions oddly enough cor- 
respond to the tribes of pre-Charlemagne Europe, as we 
detail in the linguistic section of this report. Aureli 
Argemi himself is a linguist and specializes in Quebec, 
Corsica and Sardinia. Feeding on legitimate grievances, 
such as Franco's repression of the Catalan language and 
culture, they have taken these grievances and turned 
them into mass psychosis. 

With its socialist jargon and nazi-racialist ideas, the 
CIEMEN could best be shortly defined as "national 
bolshevist", and relies on support networks such as the 
Mainz-based Wir Selbst which are precisely that. 

ill Survival International 

Gesellschaft fiir Bedrohte Viilker 

Society for Endangered Peoples 

(West German affiliate of Survival International) 

Address: Postfach 159, 3400 Gottingen, West Germany 

Phone: 0551 558 22; 0551 558 23 

Finances: Postcheckkonto Hamburg Nr.297793-207, 

Bank fur Gemeinwirtschaft, Hamburg— Nr. 1.244.2002 

Publication: "Pogrom" 

Director: Tilman Zuelch 


The Gesellschaft fur Bedrohte Volker (GfBV) identifies 
itself as a "human rights organization" dedicated to pro- 
tecting and "advancing the struggle" of "indigenous 
peoples" and "ethnic minorities." This is a pivotal 
eroun in a network of anthrnnnlnpist-PRnterpH nrm- futnrict necnn'ntpH with FPfYRnPA the 

Freimut Duve: Social Democratic Party (SPD) 
member of the Bundestag; director of Rowolt Verlag, 
publishers of Ivan Illich and Erhard Eppler; he is work- 
ing with German police trade unions to undermine Ger- 
man/American law enforcement cooperation in prepara- 
tion for the "hot autumn." 

Prof. Helmut Gollwitzer: a social scientist at the Free 
University in West Berlin. He is recognized as one of the 
godfathers of the West German environmentalist/peace 
movement and a leading leftwing theologian of the Ger- 
man Lutheran Church (EKD). 

Carl Amery: director of the E.F. Schumacher In- 
stitute, a leading controller of the Green movement in 
Bavaria and proponent of the Club of Rome's "small is 
beautiful" theories. 

Prof. Robert Jungk: based in Salzburg, a leading 

Anin r rv« m pd _ 


separatist groupings. Collaboration with the peace and 
anti-nuclear movement is also his responsibility. 
Akwesasne Notes has been funded by the World Council 
of Churches Special Fund to Combat Racism, which also 
finances the Namibia-based SWAPO. Duane Epps, the 
founder of the Fund, is a leading figure in the U.S. peace 
movement associated with George Ball. 

Prof. Stanley Diamond: an anthropologist at the New 
School for Social Research in New York City. As a com- 
mitted anarchist, Diamond is a proponent of "dialectical 
anthropology." He has done extensive work on the role 
of dialects and has studied the separatist movements of 
the Basques, Bretons and Welsh. While working at the 
Free University in Berlin, he was recruited to the GfbV. 

Other board members include: 

Pater Adrian© Bonafanti, Verona; Gerard Chailand, 
Paris; Dr. Ismet Cherif-Vanly, Lausanne, a Kurdish 
specialist; Helmut Frenz, Bonn; Richard Hauser, Lon- 
don; Dr. Donald Kenrick, London; Pastor Lothar 
Kuehl, Dortmund; Prof. Jurgen Moltmann, University 
of Tuebingen, "liberation theologist"; Kurt Scharf, 
former Bishop of Berlin, EKD peace movement and ter- 
rorist supporter; Gordian Troeller, Hamburg; Prof. 
Ernst Tugendhat, Berlin; Pastor Joachim Ziegenruecker, 
director of the Evangelischen Akademie, Hamburg. 

Two separatist theorists have played a central role in 
directing the activities of the Gesellschaft fur Bedrohte 
Vblker: Prof. Henning Eichberg and the Jesuit Ivan 

Prof. Henning Eichberg is an avowed "universal 
fascist" who operates under cover of a sports historian 
at a Danish university. He likes to encapsulate his ideas 
in the slogan, "Balkanization for everyone." As a 
leading fascist theorist, Eichberg's theory centers on the 
unification of the environmentalist movement's shock 
troops with the terrorist capabilities of the separatist 
movements. The Basque ETA terrorists are presented as 
a successful model for this strategy, having crippled 
nuclear energy development in Spain through the 
assassination of a number of technicians and the bomb- 
ing of nuclear industry facilities. 

Eichberg projects that the increasing power of this 
fascist combination will nullify the influence of the 

superpowers and rework the map of the globe. He is a 
regular contributor to Wir Selbst. 

In the mid-1970s, Eichberg collaborated with Father 
Nikolas Artemoff , presently a priest for the Russian Or- 
thodox Church in Bavaria. He is an operative for the 
KGB controlled National Alliance of Solidarists (NTS), 
a White Russian grouping that fought on the side of 
Hitler and was implicated in the assassination of Presi- 
dent John F. Kennedy. In the early 1970s Artemoff and 
Eichberg collaborated in publishing the European 
Solidarist Bulletin. 

In 1978, in his quest to unite left and right, Eichberg 
engaged Mudi Dutschke, the German anarchist, in a 
published dialogue. The result of the dialogue was a 
book by Peter Brandt, son of Willy Brandt, leader of the 
Socialist International. The book titled The Left and the 
National Question is a study of how to integrate the two 

Eichberg has stated that his ideas are the result of the 
combined influence of "New Right" theorist Armin 
Mohler, author of the Conservative Revolution and head 
of the Siemen's Stiftung, the Nazi Strasser brothers, and 
Qaddafi's Green Book. Eichberg also maintains contact 
with groups such as the Italian Europa Civita and the 
German Nation Europa. Both organizations are af- 
filiated with the Nazi International. 

Ivan Illich is a former Jesuit sociologist and Latin 
American terrorist controller, presently working out of 
Berlin and Cuernavaca, Mexico, doing studies on 
dialects with funding from the Aspen Institute. In the 
U.S., the Aspen Institute is a major runner of en- 
vironmentalist projects. Through the joint work of Illich 
and Zuelch, Illich exerts a controlling influence over the 
separatist terror networks. 

In June 1961, Illich established a "dynamic group 
therapy" center in Mexico. Through this center passed 
many of today's Central American "revolutionary" 
leaders. The operation, known as the Centro Inter- 
cultural de Documentacidn (CEDOC), spearheaded the 
creation of "liberation theology." 

Illich's militant activities led to his censure by the 
Vatican. The Church's investigation included looking in- 
to Illich's ties to Guatemalan terrorists. 

'Action Anthropology" USA 

The U.S. -backed network behind international 
separatism is composed of social scientists and lawyers 
who are adherents of the so-called Action Anthropology 

Cultural Survival USA is the corresponding organiza- 
tion to the German Society for Endangered Peoples 
(Gesellschaft fur Bedrohte Volker). It is an international 
operation of some 3500 anthropologists supporting the 
rights of ethnic minority and separatist movements. This 
group sponsors projects throughout the Third World 

with special emphasis on Latin America, and interfaces 
the American Indian Movement. Funding for Cultural 
Survival comes from the Ford Foundation, human rights 
money from A.I.D. (Agency for International Develop- 
ment) and from private contributors. 
Cultural Survival USA's board of directors includes: 
Her Majesty Queen Margarethe of Denmark. As 
honorary member her name is found at the top of 
Cultural Survival's letterhead. In the United Nations, the 
Danish delegation is the most outspoken advocate of in- 
digenous people's and separatist movements. 


David Maybury-Lewis. Until last year chairman of the 
anthropology department at Harvard University. He 
founded Cultural Survival in 1972. Maybury-Lewis, a 
British subject married to a Dane, is considered the dean 
of the British school of anthropology in the U.S. He did 
field work with the Xavante Indians of northeast Brazil 
and later profiled the wealthy sugar plantation-owning 
families of the region. 

Harvey Cox. Professor of Divinity at Harvard Univer- 
sity and guest lecturer at Ivan Illich's CIDOC in Mexico. 
He runs a religious cult operation known as the New 

Religions Project. 

Evon Z. Vogt, Jr. Anthropologist, Harvard Universi- 
ty, who directed the Harvard Chiapas Project in Mexico. 

Irven DeVore. Anthropology, Harvard University. 

Leon Eisenberg. Dean of the School of Social 
Medicine and Health Policy, Harvard Medical School. 

Orlando Patterson. Sociologist, Harvard University. 

Marguerite Robinson. Anthropologist, Brandeis 

Lester Anderson. 

The advisory board is composed of: 

Louis Bruno Sohn, Professor of international law, 
presently directing the University of Georgia's School of 
Law in Athens, Georgia. A one-world ideologue, Sohn 
has served as a consultant to the U.S. Arms Control and 
Disarmament Agency, the Office of International 
Security Affairs, the Defense Department, and the 
United Nations Secretariat, and was executive secretary 
to the Legal Subcommittee on Atomic Energy for the 
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. 

Besides his membership in Cultural Survival, the most 
revealing fact about Sohn is his membership in the Inter- 
national Law Association (ELA). An associate of Sohn's, 
Major Louis Mortimer Bloomfield, is the chairman of 
the Canadian branch of the ILA. Bloomfield controls a 
large portion of the international drug traffic through his 
law firm, which maintains the Bronfman family's 
holdings. He is also a head of Permindex. 

Prof. Richard Falk of Princeton University is 
referenced as an expert on separatist movements bv 

Francesco Pellizzi. Also an anthropologist, is Domini- 
que de MeniPs son-in-law and handles much of de 
Menil's art business. Both Pellizzis were trained by Dr. 
David Maybury-Lewis and Evon Vogt, Jr. 

Other members of the advisory board are: 

Stefano Varese. Anthropologist at the Direction 
General de Culturas Populares in Mexico. 

Roberto Cardoso de Oliveira. Anthropologist at the 
University of Brazil. 

Cultural Survival's administrative staff includes: 
Theodore MacDonald, Ph.D. Project director and 

Jason Clay, Ph.D. Research director and 


The Anthropology Resource Center (ARC) is another 
sister organization to the Society for Endangered 
Peoples in the United States. It has a more "hands on" 
character in terms of its relationship to the American In- 
dian movements and guerrilla movements in Central 

ARC maintains regular contact and coordinates ac- 
tivities with the diplomatic arm of the separatist 
movement — the International Indian Treaty Council, as 
well as with the Akwesasne Notes network of John 

ARC also directs the U.S.-based support apparatus 
for the Guatemalan Guerrilla Army of the Poor (EGP), 
through several front groups including the Guatemalan 
Scholars Network and the National Network in Solidari- 
ty with the People of Guatemala. 

The leaders of the Anthropology Resource Center are: 
Dr. Shelton "Sandy" Davis. A student of Dr. 
Maybury-Lewis, in 1973 he established an organization 
called INDIGENA in Berkeley, California. INDIGENA 
was the first documentation center in the United States 
to focus attention on the "contemporary human rights 
situation" of Indian peoples of the Western Hemisphere. 
As a leading radical anthropologist, Dr. Davis was 
deployed to serve in the offices of Amnesty International 
in London from 1973-74. 


William Means. Executive director of the Interna- 
tional Indian Treaty Council (IITC) which is closely 
allied with the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) 
and the Sandinista government of Nicaragua. 

Dr. Roxanne Dunbar Ortiz. Professor in Native 
American Studies, California State University, 

Hayward. She is also the publisher of "Indigenous 

Prof. Sol Tax. Anthropologist at the University of 
Chicago. He was the initiator of Action Anthropology, 
founder of the American Indian Movement, and mentor 
of Prof. Schlesier. 

¥ Wir Seibst 

Wir Seibst: Zeitschrift fur Nationale Identitat {We 
Ourselves: Magazine for National Identity) 

Address: Schuetzenstr. 44, 5400 Koblenz 1, West 


Phone: 06131 47 46 16 (in Mainz) 

Director: Siegfried Bublies 

Finances: Numerous sources indicate direct financing 

through Qaddafi channels. Public Account: 

Postcheckamt Ludwigshafen Number 153981-679 


Wir Seibst is a journal of "national revolutionaries" 
propagandizing the cause of separatist terrorist 
movements. Wir Seibst members reject any label of left- 
wing or rightwing. In fact, they are "universal fascists" 
believing in a Nazi-Communist conception of "small na- 
tions." Independence for Corsica, Euskadi (Basque), 
Sardinia, etc. through the use of armed violence is 

A map of Bublies' network demonstrates how the 
peace movement and separatist-terror groups intersect. 

Evangelische Studenten Gemeinde (ESG): Pastor 
Michael Arndt, director of the ESG in Mainz hosted the 
July meeting of "autonomous" street-fighting groups 
from across Germany. Two hundred and fifty people at- 
tended to plan strategies of sabotage against military 
transport units. Margit Schiller, convicted RAF member 
was also in attendance. 

Bublies has stated that he maintains contact with the 
ESG and Pastor Arndt, who has sponsored seminars on 
regionalism and autonomy at his center. 

Alternative Liste (Berlin): Lutheran theologian and 
peace movement guru Helmut Gollwitzer and "left- 
nationalist" Peter Brandt, son of Willy Brandt, direct 
this network. Bublies has "very good" relations with this 
network which "shows how left and right can build a 

Gesellschaft fur Bedrohte Volker (GfBV) and Amnes- 
ty International maintain active relations with both 

ETA: at least one visit by Bublies to the Basque region 
of Spain has been confirmed where he was hosted by 
Herri Batasuna. 

Libya: Bublies has travelled to Libya to attend a Green 
Book Conference. 

¥1 Det Danske Selskab 

The Danish Institute for Information about Denmark 
and Cultural Cooperation with other Nations 

Address: Kultorvet 2, Copenhagen 1175, Denmark 
Phone: 1 13 54 48 
Cables: Pioner Copenhagen 
Director: Folmer Witsi 

Affiliates: Conference of "Europe of Regions"; Foun- 
dation for International Understanding and Regional 

Publication: "Regional Contact" 

Dr. Theodor Veiter, editor of "Europa Etnica", col- 
laborates with Tilman Zuelch, director of Gesellschaft 
fur Bedrohte Volker. 

Professor Per Denez, University of Rennes, Brittany; 
leading Breton activist. 

Dr. Georg Stacky, member of the Cantonal Govern- 
ment, Zug, Switzerland. 

Lucien Felli, Paris-based lawyer for Corsican Peoples 

Dr. Emilio de Capitani, head of the Legislative Office, 
Region of Lombardy, Milan. 

Pierre Godefroy, member of the National Assembly, 
Mayor of Valgones, Normandy. 

Dr. I.B.F. Kormoss, Professor, College of Europe, 

Olav Meinhardt, Secretary General of the Federal 
Union of European Nationalities. 


Under Mr. Witsi's direction, the Danish Institute 
manages the northern tier of the "Mitteleuropa" net- 


work. Among the anti-nation state groupings there are 
tactical distinctions between those that advocate 
regionalism, autonomy, and separatism. The Danish In- 
stitute advocates decentralization leading to a "Europe 
of Regions" and points to the Swiss cantonal system as 
a model. The Institute sponsors yearly conferences at- 
tended by regional government officials, autonomy ac- 
tivists, and monarchists. In September 1978, the 
Copenhagen Declaration expressing the political pro- 
gram of this network states, "The political organization 
of Europe into regions is the condition for a harmonious 
and peaceful development of its people." 

The location of the Institute in Copenhagen is not ac- 
cidental. The Danish monarchy under the direction of 
Queen Margarethe is, along with Libya, a leading ad- 
vocate of "ethnic minority rights" in international in- 
stitutions such as the United Nations or the European 

These regional autonomy activists present a forceful 
political blackmail line. They state that until full 
autonomy is given to Corsica, Brittany, Euskadi (Bas- 
que) et al, the terrorist violence for separatism will con- 
tinue. The recent policy of decentralization of France 
under Mitterrand, hailed as a victory by the Institute, 

demonstrates the disaster such capitulation creates. The 
FNLC responded to Mitterrand's initiative by commit- 
ting themselves to "enlarge the armed struggle for the in- 
dependence of Corsica." This is a lesson to be learned by 
the Spanish government which is constantly battered 
with the same charge by networks of the Trilateral Com- 
mission that the violence continues because the Basque 
has not been given full autonomy. 

Professor C. Northcote Parkinson, former honorary 
chairman of the "Europe of Regions" at the Sixth Con- 
vention of the Institute most clearly expressed a 
worldview that most certainly supports the separatist ter- 
rorist. He stated, "Units of civilized administration 
come in four sizes: Empires, like the Soviet Union; Na- 
tions, like Spain; Provinces, like Texas; and City States, 
like Singapore. In the 19th and 20th centuries all em- 
phasis has been laid on the Nation... But the Nation has 
largely outlived its purpose in Europe. It came into ex- 
istence for the purpose of war but we have agreed that 
further war in Europe would be highly undesirable. Our 
emphasis should be upon Europe considered as an Em- 
pire and upon its several provinces or regions." Petra 
Kelly and Qaddafi would be most happy with such a 
formulation— "Stop War, Smash the Nation State." 

VII Armenian Terrorism 

The recent wave of bloody explosions authored by the 
Secret Army for the Liberation of Armenia (ASALA) 
and the Armenian Revolutionary Army (ARA) in 
France, Belgium, Portugal and West Germany has 
demonstrated that Armenian terrorism is a joint opera- 
tion of the KGB and the Nazi International. 

The Soviet connection to the Armenians was 
nowhere better expressed than at the second "World 
Congress of Armenia" which was held in mid- July in 
Lausanne with an attendance of under one hundred in- 
dividuals. The Congress, chaired by Swiss-based Arme- 

rightwing terrorist group called Operational Comman- 
dos for the Defense of Christian and Western Civiliza- 
tion (CODECO) which was created in 1976. On August 
1st, the CODECO told Agence France Presse (AFP) in 
Lisbon that should the Portuguese authorities go on in 
their search for ARA members, they would use dioxin 
against the population. CODECO is primarily manned 
by former members of the Portuguese secret police 
PIDE and of the OAS. Colonel Otto Skorzeny and 
Gerhard Harmut von Schubert who was the head of the 
Nazi Paladin Organization were historical backers of 

PacrAP Wrap 


n + nA Uxr +lta 



as a KGB-run terrorist operation. The ASALA was 
trained at George Habasn's terrorist training camps 
near Beirut prior to the Israeli invasion. The KGB con- 
nection is paralleled by connections to the Socialist In- 
ternational apparatus, elements of the Anglican 
Church/British Intelligence, and the Armenian 
Apostolic Church. 

To properly understand how this KGB/British in- 
telligence interaction functions let us summarize the 
history of the Dashnag/Ramgavar split and the 
development of the Dashnag. First the Dashnag (Arme- 
nian Revolutionary Federation) was formed in 1890 as 
a move to unify all the Armenian organizations against 
Turkey. At the same time, the Armenian National 
Movement was formed as the political-legal arm of the 
Dashnag. In 1895, the Dashnag conducted the first 
modern act of terrorism on behalf of "national libera- 
tion" when it seized the Ottoman Bank of Istanbul. 
Dashnag was part of the entire Scottish Rite 
Freemasonic apparatus called the "Young Europe 
movement" originally created by the leader of the 
freemasons Lord Palmerston and his protege Guiseppe 
Mazzini, head of the "Young Italy" section. The 
Dashnag was a component of the "Young Turk move- 
ment" which was dominated by the Scottish Rite. The 
Ramgavar (Armenian Democratic Party) is basically a 
conservative party which has as its policy a conciliatory 
attitude toward Turkey. The Ramgavar does not play a 
role in terrorist operations. 

The so-called split between the Dashnag and the 
ASALA is a complicated question. There is a definite 
link between the Dashnag and the ASALA. A member 
of the Dashnag, George Yanikian, who launched the 
assassinations of Turkish officials in 1973 two years 
before the ASALA was formed, was 73 years old when 
the attack was carried out. Yanikian killed two Turkish 
consular officials in Santa Barbara, California. Top 
ASALA officer, Alex Yenikomousgian, who was ar- 
rested in October, 1980 in Geneva, Switzerland, was 
trained at the Dashnag School in Beirut. His compa- 
nion, Suzy Mahserejian, who was arrested with him in 
Geneva, was educated at another Dashnag-run institu- 
tion, the Ferrahian Armenian High School in Los 
Angeles, California. 

After the Israeli invasion of Lebanon, the ASALA 
redeployed their apparatus into Nicosia, Cyprus. The 
reorganization of the ASALA operations into Cyprus 
was accomplished through a network of Dashnag- 
controlled organizations. The Dashnag has an in-depth 
infrastructure capability operating through philan- 
thropic institutions, diplomatic contacts, banking and 
community financial support throughout the Armenian 
population. The political arm of the Dashnag, the 
Armenian National Movement coordinates the in- 
frastructural capabilities, the Armenian General 
Benevolent Union, the Armenian Relief Society, and 
the Armenian Cultural Association. Most of the financ- 
ing and support operation comes from the United 
States. In late 1980, a series of clandestine meetings 
took place in Paris between the Armenian "establish- 

ment" in France and ASALA. An agreement was 
reached where any previous differences between the old 
Dashnag networks and ASALA were eliminated. The 
Dashnag had been reported providing the ASALA with 
full covert financial assistance. 

The July ASALA bombing of Orly Airport points to 
a major KGB, Syrian and Libyan intelligence power 
play within Armenian terrorism. At a Spring 1983 
meeting in Athens, ASALA leader Hagop Hagopian 
purged most French, British and American members 
sending into Europe replacements of Turkish, Iranian, 
and Lebanese nationality. The time frame is identical 
with the "revolt" against and assassinations of 
moderate Palestinians by Abu Nidal and Syrian In- 
telligence. That the Russians are orchestrating elimina- 
tion of moderates in these movements demonstrates 
they have no concern for negotiation with the West and 
are preparing for a major confrontation. Even Dashnag 
stated after Orly that ASALA was in the service of 
Soviet and Libyan designs. The ASALA and the recent- 
ly reactivated Kurdish operation is designed to 
balkanize NATO member Turkey. 

The heads of ASALA are Iran Irmian and Hagop 
Hagopian (both of which are pseudonyms), and 
Zamgocian. They are believed to be in Nicosia, Cyprus. 
In Cyprus, the Socialist International head, Lissarides 
is a close associate of the Papandreou Greek govern- 
ment and the Greek secret service. Papandreou is an 
Anglo-KGB operative, functioning in the same fashion 
as his father did during the 1930's and 1940's. His 
government is currently allowing Soviet planes resup- 
plying Qaddafi's Chad adventure to land in Greece. 
The Cyprus government, Olof Palme's Swedish govern- 
ment and the Greek government provide protection and 
unofficial assistance to the ASALA. In December, 
1979, a secret meeting of the ASALA took place in 
Munich in which George Habash's PFLP organization 
and the Greek secret services participated. West Ger- 
man counterintelligence authorities knew that this 
meeting took place. 

The international connections to ASALA are 
mediated through Qaddafi's government, pro- 
Khomeini networks in the United States, and the 
Ramallah Federation — a pro-terrorist foundation run 
by a Detroit, Michigan lawyer named Abdeen Jabara. 
Jabara is linked to a top-level Armenian controller of 
the ASALA, Levon Keshishian. Keshishian is a writer 
for the Dashnag's official publication, the Armenian 
Weekly, published out of 212 Stewart Street, Boston, 
Massachusetts. Keshishian operates out of the United 
Nations Plaza in New York City and maintains links to 
a variety of intelligence agencies, including the East 
Bloc. He is under the protection of Clovis Maksoud, 
the present head of the Arab League in the United 
States and associate at Georgetown University Center 
for Strategic and International Studies. Maksoud, a 
Lebanese Christian, is a key figure in protecting and 
promoting international terrorism. 

In terms of the Armenian Apostolic Church, this can 
be characterized as a "heretical sect" which split from 


the Roman Catholic Church circa 500 A.D. Because of 
its ability as a church to maintain operations in Soviet 
Armenia, Turkey, Lebanon, Jerusalem and throughout 
North America, the Armenian Church plays a major 
role in immigration and refugee affairs. It is through 
such activities that interfaces with World Council of 
Churches and KGB operations are conducted. The 
organization which underwrites the financial support 
for the Armenian Church is the Geneva-based World 
Council of Churches which is dominated by the 
Anglican Church and its Eastern Orthodox allies. The 
World Council of Churches is one of the central 
mainstays of international terrorism. It is used as a fun- 
ding conduit for terrorist operations. The Anglican 
Church interface is run through the Church of England 
Council on Foreign Relations. The British Council of 
Churches functions as the intermediary to the World 
Council of Churches. The principal funding comes 
from the Gulbenkian Foundation based in Lisbon, Por- 
tugal. This foundation was set up by Klaus Gulbenkian, 
now deceased. Gulbenkian made his huge fortune by 
setting up the shipment of Middle East oil during the 

The Armenian Church is divided into two branches, 
the See of Etchmian Dezian and the See of Cilician. The 
Armenian National Movement/Dashnag coordinate 
the political activity of the Armenian Church. The 
Armenian Patriarchate of Jerusalem, Rev. Manuel 
Yergatian, was arrested three years ago in Istanbul with 
four young boys carrying foreign currency as well as 
some documents belonging to a dead priest. Armenian 
Patriarch of Istanbul, Archbishop Shnork Kalousian 
travels frequently to Germany, France, Switzerland, 
Italy, Austria and Great Britain. During his trips to Bri- 
tain, Kalousian meets with the Archbishop of Canter- 
bury to discuss "repression in Turkey." Karekim II, the 
Pope of the Armenian Church spends three months in 
Los Angeles, California and London. His family lives 
in Toronto, Canada. One of the secret societies within 
the Armenian Church is the St. James Brotherhood, 
based in Jerusalem. 

In the United States, the Armenian Church ap- 

bought a huge tract of land in Engelwood, New Jersey, 
and is funneling money for terrorist operations into the 
Engelwood group. 

One of the top operatives for Boghosian and 
Maksoud is Avedis Derounian, who was sent by Bogho- 
sian to Paris in October, 1980 to make contact with the 
Armenian underground and Toranian the head of the 
Armenian National Movement. Derounian's trip to 
Paris coincided with the reconciliation between the 
Dashnag and the ASALA. Representatives of Petros- 
sian Caviar Company on Rue de Marbourg were in at- 
tendance at this meeting and agreed to finance the 
ASALA. Derounian was an operative of a branch of 
British intelligence in the United States called the Anti- 
Defamation League of B'nai B'rith. There are many 
Armenians who play critical espionage roles for both 
the Russians and the Anglo-American intelligence ser- 
vice in the Middle East and Paris. Soviet Armenians are 
placed in key posts in both the London and Paris em- 
bassies and some of the leading staff posts at the United 
States Embassy in Beirut are filled by Armenians of 
Lebanese birth. Many of the top intelligence operatives 
of the Seven Sisters oil multinational companies are 

One major source of financing for Armenian ter- 
rorism comes from a Lebanese- Armenian who operates 
two hotels in Geneva. His name is J. Gerbach. Gerbach 
regularly provides 25,000 Swiss francs to the ASALA. 
Another Geneva-based Lebanese-Armenian is Victor 
Chayto who is a diamond dealer. Chayto is a close 
associate of Sarkis Soganalian from the state of Florida 
(U.S.A.). He was the chief gun runner into Lebanon 
during the 1974-75 Lebanese civil war. 

The banking connection to Armenian terrorism is 
run through the Banque d'Affaire Franco-Arab run by 
the Al-Khoury brothers. Linked to the Banque is Baron 
Dumast. The heroin connection is known as the 
"Shoemaker League." It involved 24 persons, most of 
them Armenians who had smuggled heroin valued at 
$15 million from Lebanon to Sweden. Leader of the 
ring is Kework Vartanian. Second in command is Diram 
Zanazanlan who managed a soccer team out of 



was funneling the heroin money into the ASALA 
operations in California. The Swedish connection is 
protected by Olof Palme's government because 
Makhlouf is married to a Swedish woman named Sylvia 
Mattsson. Makhlouf was pardoned from armed rob- 
bery by Olof Palme's government in 1974. 

In France, the ASALA puts out a publication called 
Hai Baikar (Armed Struggle). Mr. Toranian, one of the 
Armenian National Movement leaders, is tied into the 

ASALA apparatus. Toranian uses Post Office Box 39 
Antony Cedex 92162 as his mail drop. The Armenian 
Center for Research and Documentation and Informa- 
tion is located in Lyons and is used as a contact point 
between the ASALA and Toranian. The Armenian 
cultural home run by Jules Mardirossian is used in a 
similar fashion. Lyon and Nice where the Armenian 
networks have the most developed infrastructure are 
the major transit points for contacts into Paris for the 
ASALA members. 

VIII The Balkans: Slovenian-Muslim Fundamentalism 


Essential for creating a "Mitteleuropa" Russian satrapy 
is rearranging the Balkan map, including northern Italy, 
the Austrian Alpine region, and into Yugoslavia with its 
numerous ethnic minorities. The ethnic group overlapp- 
ing Austria, Italy, and Yugoslavia is the Slovenians. 
Therefore it is no accident that CIEMEN, the Qaddafi- 
connected Lelio Basso Foundation, Longo Mai, INTER- 
MEG, and the Bertrand Russell Tribunal are all involved 
in detonating this issue in the recent period. 

Organization and Personnel 

Vladimir Dedijer/Bertrand Russell Tribunal: Dedijer, a 
Yugoslav dissident living in Belgrade, organised the first 
week of July, 1983 a Tribunal in that city against the 
"cultural genocide" of the Slovenians living in the Friuli 
region surrounding Trieste in Italy. Dedijer has been in- 
volved with the Bertrand Russell networks since the first 
Tribunals against the Vietnam war. Dedijer credits his 
growing work on "cultural genocide" to the personal in- 
fluence of French terrorist defender Jean Paul Sartre. He 
now intends to begin concentrating on the Armenian 
question, and is participating in an October Zurich con- 
ference on the oppression of 12 minorities on both sides 
of the East-West dividing line. "If you take the Slove- 
nians in Yugoslavia, they are surrounded by a dominant 
culture which are the Serbs and the Croats with their own 
languages. In this situation, the poor 2 million Slove- 
nians are being deprived of their original culture." Dedi- 
jer endorses a Mitteleuropa geopolitical entity: "Mit- 
teleuropa is based above all on a common culture. I am 
not merely referring to the ideas of Coudenhove-Kalergi 
or Professor (Otto von) Hapsburg, but in a broader way. 
The African tribes are striving for unity. Why is it that 
the Germanic tribe which is the greatest and biggest of 
all Europe should be divided?" 

CIEMEN: held a conference August 16-22, 1983, on 
the problems of minorities living under foreign military 
presence. This problem applies especially to the Friuli re- 
gion, according to Father Argemi of CIEMEN, where 

one-third of the territory inhabited by Slovenians is an 
Italian military base. Argemi said, "It is difficult to 
think of Slovenian reunification except if something 
happens in Yugoslavia. The equilibrium between the va- 
rious minorities is very precarious, there are a lot of ten- 
sions, and Yugoslavia may indeed explode." 

Theodor Veiter: The 75-year-old Vienna lawyer, 
former advisor to CIEMEN, editor of Europa Ethnica, 
collaborator to the Munich INTEM1EG of Josef Stingl, 
and a bridge between the anti-nation state activities of 
Hapsburg and De Rougemont. Veiter is a specialist on 
the Slovenian question in the Carinthia region of Austria 
and claims, "we are gaining more and more recognition 
through the European Council and the United Nations in 
Geneva." To coordinate all the potential postage stamp 
nations and autonomies to be created by their work he 
says a new institute, Spazio Miteleuropeo, has been 
created in Schio near Venice by Prof. Antonio Cassuti. 
In 1977 Longo Mai sent a delegation to work on the 
Slovenian minority in Carinthia where one of their com- 
munes is based. 

Imam Hasan Cengic: Currently under trial, this 26 
year old Imam is accused of organizing for an ethnically 
pure Bosnia to be separated from Yugoslavia. His group 
has also conducted pro-Khomeini leafletting and for 
"Holy War" against the Serbian-Orthodox and Roman 
Catholics to free Bosnia from "non-Muslim influences." 
Older members of his group were members of the secret 
"Young Muslim" organisation during the Second World 
War. In 1943, Heinrich Himmler sent the pro-Nazi 
Grand Mufti of Jerusalem to Sarajevo, where he called 
on these Muslims to join the newly created SS Division 
Handjar (Turkish for Saber) while the Kosovo Albanians 
were organised into the SS Skanderberg Division. The 
Bosnian fundamentalists receive money from Qaddafi. 

The Bosnian Muslims are working closely with the 
Albanian Muslims of the Serbian province of Kosovo, 
where two years ago separatist-ethnic riots erupted. The 
ethnic tensions are still so tense that one-quarter of the 
Yugoslavian army is deployed there and there is 


widespread emigration of Serbs and Montenegrans. The 
separatist Kosovo Albanians are working along the 
scheme of a "Greater Albania" which would include 
also the Albanian nationals living in Macedonia and 
Montenegro. The Albanian agitators are closely linked 
with Croatian nationalists who maintain links with 
Bulgaria. Thus the "foreign minister" of the Croatian 
exiles in the United States, Mestrovic, was invited to par- 
ticipate in the 1981 1000-year celebrations of Bulgaria in 
Dr. Small Balic: A key exile controller of Yugoslavian 

muslims based at the National Library in Vienna. He is 
also a chairman of Islam and the West, special delegate 
for East Bloc Muslims. Balic considers the old Austro- 
Hungarian Empire as a model of how to integrate 
minorities under an imperial administration. Balic works 
closely with Najdmuddin Bammate of Paris and Ryadh 
handling relations with Soviet Muslims. Bammate is a 
director of the 50 billion dollar Islamic Solidarity Fund 
and a patron of Ben Bella. Balic works with the Franken- 
thaler Gesprache which organises conferences on fun- 
damentalism. It is controlled by the Anthroposoph cult. 

IX Ultteieyropa— A Feudal Fte¥ivai and Russia's Satrapy 


On September 19 and 20 a conference will take place at 
the Duino Castle, near Trieste, of Prince Torre e Tasso. 
In addition to the Prince, three other of Europe's top 
oligarchical ideologues will be there orchestrating the 
conference: Otto von Hapsburg, Aurelio Peccei, and 
Dennis de Rougemont. The intention of the conference 
is to define the cultural basis, primarily Viennese 
positivism, for a new middle-European geopolitical en- 
tity that can straddle the boundaries of NATO and the 
Warsaw Pact. Both Peccei and de Rougemont are ac- 
tively, directly involved in driving the American 
presence out Europe. While Mr. Hapsburg might have 
intentions of being opposed to Russian domination, his 
support for undermining the nation states of Europe 
feeds the Russian design. They intend to become power 
brokers with the Russians as the destabilization 
weakens the nations of NATO. 

Colloquium of Duino— The European Significance of 


Date: September 19-20, 1983 

Sponsors: Centre Europeen de Culture, Geneva; 

Coudenhove-Kalergi Foundation, Lausanne; Associa- 

■*— /~i:,.i: — : j-i **-__ 

men." The PEU, whose slogan is "Europe of the 
Regions," helped found the Munich INTERREG 
which autonomists throughout Europe highly recom- 
mend. Hapsburg is famous for his alliance with Panella 
of the Italian Radical Party in support of taking 
language and dialect questions out of the authority of 

Dennis de Rougemont: Head of the Centre Europeen 
de Culture and ECOROPA. The slogan of the latter is 
also "Europe of the Regions." ECOROPA functions 
as a coordinator for the Greenie and peace movements 
throughout Europe and has included as member 
Roland Vogt, Qaddafi's friend and Green represen- 
tative in the West German Parliament. The Munich 
branch, the E.F. Schumacher Society of Carl Amery, 
works closely with the Anthroposoph cult and the 
Erhard Eppler Social Democratic Party and Protestant 
Church leadership. 

Aurelio Peccei: Founder of the Club of Rome, the 
organization that has done the most to undermine the 
industrial and military strength of the West. With its 
doctrine of "Limits to Growth," it unleashed a wave of 
cultural pessimism making possible the anti-technology 
Green and peace movements. Peccei helped found the 


Miiteleuropa— Or: How Do We Find a Way Out of the 

Dilemma of Bloc Confrontation? 

Date: August 9-19, 1983 

Sponsors: The Anthroposophic International Cultural 

Center Achberg, on the Bodensee. Initiative East- West 

Bridge, Joseph Beuys, O.K. Flechtheim, Erich Knapp 

of the Green Control Commission. 

Gisela von Canal, representative of ECOMOPA at the 
conference, bragged of their role in altering the "con- 
sciousness" of people, "society must be decentraliz- 
ed." Prominent in the Bavaria peace movement, she is 
also involved in monitoring unrest among U.S. soldiers 
stationed in West Germany. Wilfried Heidt, chief of 
the Achberg Center, summarized the conference's goal 
"to take the middle European area out of the bloc con- 
frontation, to demilitarize the region." Austrian at- 
tendee Ernst Sumpich spoke on "Mitteleuropa- 
Settlement of Nobody's Land." In Slavophile terms 
Sumpich praised "the good that comes out of the soul 
of the Russian people." He will be attending the Duino 

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Qaddafi: KGB and the Nazi International 

On June 24, EIR founder Lyndon H. LaRouche, Jr. 
called for an international campaign against Libyan 
dictator and Soviet puppet Muammar Qadaffi. "All 
courtesy arrangements with Libya," stated Mr. 
LaRouche, "should immediately desist and operations 
against Libyan agents should immediately begin. These 
operations should not only be aimed at Libya but also 
at Qaddafi personally." The American political leader 
called on the countries of the European Community, 
the United States, and members of the Organization of 
African Unity to immediately impose a total embargo 
against Libya. 

What prompted Mr. LaRouche and EIR to initiate 
this campaign is the intolerable policy of aggression 
against the country of Chad, as well as the participation 
of Libyan troops on the side of Syrian troops against 
the Palestinians loyal to PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat 
in Lebanon. Qaddafi is deliberately setting into motion 
a chain of crises that threaten several African and Mid- 
dle Eastern nations with destruction and war. 

Created by Venetian oligarch and Mussolini advisor 
Count Volpe di Misurata, Libya today is a fundamen- 
talist cult state, not a nation. It is nothing but a 
logistical and training base for international terrorist 
organizations jointly controlled by Andropov and the 
Swiss Nazi International which overlaps with the high- 
finance mafia of Gelli's P-2 Lodge. Approximately 
5000 individuals per year from across the globe are 
trained as terrorists in Libyan camps. 

Qadaffi is presently integrated into the new "Islamic- 
Marxist" apparatus of Geidar Aliyev, Deputy Prime 
Minister of the Soviet Union. Over a period of months, 
Aliyev has been rebuilding the old apparatus of the 
1921 Comintern-sponsored conference in Baku of the 
"Anti-Imperialist Congress of the People of the 
Orient" which was chaired by his father. The Baku 
conference brought together Islamic fundamentalists, 
national minorities, and other associations committed 

Green Book are jointly sponsored with the Islamic 
Department of the East German University of Leipzig 
and its dean Professor Lothar Rathmann which has a 
special agreement with the Libyan Studies Center in 

The Libyan Studies Center sponsors most of the 
"friendship societies" in Europe such as the French- 
Libyan Friendship Society directed by Club of Rome 
associate Roger Garaudy. 

The Green Connection 

Supported most openly by Moscow and the GDR, the 
Green Party of Petra Kelly, Otto Schily, and former 
Nazi Werner Vogel has for years developed close rela- 
tions with Qadaffi on the basis of common ideological 
beliefs as developed in the Green Book. A key mediator 
in that relationship was Alexander Langer, a leader of 
the South Tyrolian secessionist movement and a central 
leader of the ecology movement. It was Langer who in- 
troduced Qaddafi to Schily, as well as to other members 
of the Green Party. The relationship was made official 
in spring 1982 during the Qaddafi visit to Europe where 
under the sponsorship of then Austrian Chancellor 
Bruno Kreisky, Qaddafi met in Vienna with the leader- 
ship of the European green movement. The meeting 
took place at the Imperial Hotel in Vienna on March 
13, 1982. In attendance were: 

— Alexander Langer, representing the Bolzano's 
Nuova Sinistra; 

—Alfred Mechtersheimer, former Bavarian CSUer, 
former Bundeswehr officer and today director of Infor- 
mationsbuero fuer Friedenspolitik; 

—Otto Schily, Green Party member of the 

—Roland Vogt, Green Party member of the 
Bundestag; and 

—Professor Egon Matzner, Austrian Socialist Party 


—Alfred Mechtersheimer, Otto Schily, Roland Vogt 
and Alexander Langer; 

— Gertrud Schilling, Green Party member of the 
Hessen Parliament; and 

— Thyra Quensel, Green Party-West Berlin who 
coordinates relations between the green-peace move- 
ment in West Germany with the network in Comiso, 

Thyra Quensel is an excellent example of a multi- 
faceted Qaddafi agent. A Swedish national who has liv- 
ed in West Germany for 17 years, Quensel travels exten- 
sively as a recruiter for Qaddafi and has established 
many connections. Last year, the first group she sought 
to establish relations with to stop the placement of 
Cruise missiles in Sicily was the Mafia. In 1982, she was 
arrested at a demonstration against a nuclear testing 
site in Nevada, travelled to Leningrad, Norway, and 
Scotland, inteviewed Ernesto Cardenal of Nicaragua in 
West Germany, and attended in Vienna the founding of 
the Worldwide Artists for Peace organized by Prof. 
Richard Falk's wife. 

Libya's involvement with European-based separatist 
movements is best demonstrated by the activities of 
Alexander Langer. Langer is presently planning the 
establishment in the coming months of a European 
federation of minorities, linking up minority-oriented 
organizations from northern and southern Europe. 
Preliminary meetings took place to that effect in April 
in Brussels and in Bolzano, Italy. Together, on a com- 
mon platform, the European "ethnics and minorities" 
and the ecologist movement throughout Europe, plan 
to run for the 1984 European parliamentary elections. 

The Terror Internationa! 

Qaddafi and Prime Minister Jalloud direct Libya's in- 
ternational capability for terrorism, subversion, and 

General Boubakheur Younes is president of a special 
commission that oversees the Libyan intelligence 

Said Gadafadam was for several years the first 
secretary at Libya's embassy in London. He maintains 
close liaison with one of Libya's most important opera- 
tions abroad: the Main Event publishing house, led by 
former Liberal Party leader Louis Eaks, a.k.a. Aziz 
Yaffi, editor of the PFLP-connected Free Palestine 
periodical. Mahmoud Akache, a PFLP member who 
worked at Free Palestine, was killed in September 1977 
at Mogadisco Airport while leading a hijacking. Like 
Eakes, Juergen Moelleman (currently in the West Ger- 
man Foreign Ministry) comes out of the "Liberal Inter- 
national" and has a public relations firm with Libyan 

This intelligence network is active presently in the 
Middle East, aiding in the coordination of activities 
between Libya's intelligence service and the Abu Nidal 
terrorist group based in Damascus. Eaks and Main 
Event have a travel agency used by Libyan diplomats. 
Similar agencies exist in Paris and Vienna. 

Mansour Gadafadam, brother of Said; both are 
cousins of Qaddafi. He regularly travels to Paris, 
Bonn, London, and Vienna to meet with green-peace 
movement activists. 

Mohammad Hijazi has been touring Paris, Bonn, 
and London in recent weeks to reorganize Libyan net- 
works to prepare them for the Hot Autumn. 

Colonel Messaoud Abvabal is the military com- 
mander of the Sebha base in southern Libya which is 
the logistical and training headquarters for interna- 
tional terrorism. Other bases include Sirta, Az 
Azouiah, and Raz Hilal where Basque ETA members 
have received training in underwater warfare and 
demolitions. In October 1981 it was proven that an 
ETA member who was a former diver in the Spanish 
Army had received intensive training in Libya before 
sinking a Spanish Navy ship. 

The Islamic Legion which is presently operational in 
Chad is also trained at these camps. The 1980 invasion 
of Chad was commanded by the Colonel and it is 
believed he is directing the present invasion. Qaddafi 
agents in Europe are currently recruiting mercenaries 
for the Legion. 

Shiploads of arms are ferreted to Corsica, the Basque 
region, and elsewhere from Lebanon through this net- 
work, pre-paid by the Libyans. The boats are jointly 
owned by the PFLP of Habash and the Arme- 
nian ASALA. The ASALA finances its operations 
through drug smuggling in collaboration with the 
Mediterranean mafia, which uses Corsica as an impor- 
tant base. 

Ahmed Shehati is secretary general of the Congress 
of the Mediterranean Socialist and Progressive 
Organizations (CMSPO) which is one of the umbrella 
groups for aboveground operations supporting the Ter- 
ror International. In 1978, he met with Billy Carter, 
brother of the former U.S. president. Accompanying 
Shehati and Billy in Tripoli was the Sicilian lawyer 
Micnele Papa, director of the Sicilo-Libyan Friendship 
Society. Because of such connections, Sicily has 
become a Mediterranean center for Libyan activities 
directed at Italy, Sardinia and Corsica. It was the Li- 
byan consul in Palermo, Mohammed Khalifa, who, 
with the help of Papa, introduced Sardinian separatists 
of the Partito d'Azzione to Colonel Messaoud and 
General Hadj Ali Thabet. 

The CMSPO includes many socialist parties of the 
Mediterranean region such as the party of Papandreou 
in Greece, the United Socialist Party (PSU) of France, 
the former United Socialist Party of Spain which merg- 
ed with the PSOE of Felipe Gonzalez. The former 
leader of the United Socialist Party of Spain, Tierno 
Galvan, is reported to have received 60 million pesetas 
from Libya after the second congress of the CMSPO in 
Barcelona in 1977. Associated to that process, at the 
time, was the Andalusian Liberation Front, a split of 
the Andalusian Socialist Party, a group which no 
longer exists but whose members can be found in An- 
dalusian separatist organizations associated with the 
CEEMEN and with the Libyan-financed Association 


for the Return of Islam. Muslim Brotherhood assets of 
Qaddafi have targeted Andalusia to be transformed in- 
to an "Islamic republic." 

In West Germany, the CMSPO includes the left-SPD 
faction around spokesman for development affairs Dr. 
Uwe Holtz and has organized several seminars at the 
University of Hannover and the University of Bremen. 
At least one seminar was co-organized by Manfred 
Hinz, who is an associate of "Netzwerk" and the Ger- 
man representative of the Lelio Basso Foundation. The 
Basso Foundation has been a key support operation for 
both the Basque ETA and Italian terrorist networks. 

Omar Al Hamdi, head of the Arab People's Con- 
gress (APC) which primarily functions in Middle East 
networks. Hamadi Allaghui directs the Paris office of 
the APC. The APC is used in Europe as the liaison 
organization between Middle-East based terrorists, 
European-based Muslim Brotherhood operatives and 
West European terrorist networks. The APC in Paris, 
together with the Libyan ambassador Said Hafania, 
finance such Muslim groups as the "Groupement 
Islamique" and "Arab Radio." Having no license to 
broadcast, the Radio has transformed itself into an 
"Arab Cultural Association" whose secretary general 
Said Absy is also the secretary to Algerian opposition 
leader Ahmed Ben Bella. 

The Nazi International 

To find hardcore Nazis as an integral part of Qaddafi's 
capabilities is not surprising, especially from the stand- 
point of the Russians. Keeping in reference the "Baku 
process," one can trace the fact that most of the 
organizations which sprung out of that congress in 1921 
ended up during WWII as assets of the Nazi intelligence 
service's Abwehr Abteilung 11, Amt 6. The "foreign 
nationalities division", Amt 6, was directed by SS 
General Walter Schellenberg. The German proponents 

of "Mitteleuropa" and the Russians cooperated very 
closely in such regions as the Middle East. In Iran for 
example, the Russians fostered German economic and 
political interests up until 1941 as a way of containing 
the British. The Grand Mufti of Jerusalem who became 
a Hitler ally had more than a few friends on the Russian 
side when it came to opposing the Western countries in 
the Middle East. After the war, Lord Carrington's 
crowd has shared these assets with the Russians. 

Russian/Nazi collaboration continued after the war 
in a joint operation to constrain U.S. influence. Ex- 
emplary is the case of Egypt, where both the Soviets 
and the old Nazis around Hjalmar Schacht, SS General 
Wolff, SS Captain Reichenberg and Colonel Otto 
Skorzeny collaborated to prevent Nasser from 
establishing functional relations with President 

More than ideological affinities, the relations bet- 
ween Qaddafi, the Russians and the Nazi International 
has been based on the very practical element of the 
world-wide control over arms and narcotics networks 
by Nazis. P-2 agent and Klaus Barbie associate 
Stephano delta Quae is now in Buenos Aires, where he 
reportedly is a key link in the Argentinian-Libyan arms 
connections including the possible transfer of nuclear 
material. These are the same networks used by Qaddafi 
to transport weapons from Latin America via Portugal 
into Iran over the recent years. The Israeli secret ser- 
vices have penetrated this network and use it for their 
own Venetian-style games. 

Francois Genoud, the Lausanne-based financier and 
official biographer of Martin Bormann, is the key Nazi 
International connection to Qaddafi. In 1943, Genoud 
began recycling the Reich's assets into Swiss banks and 
later redeployed them into the Middle East and Latin 
America. These funds today have been instrumental in 
financing terrorist operations. 


Francois Genoud— The Swiss Nazi International 

Born: October 26, 1915 in Lausanne, Switzerland 

Parents: Francois and Marie Henritte Charlotte 


Married: First to Elisabeth Peeters, divorced; Second, to 

Liliane Mora de Lacotte, three children 

Residences: Lausanne until 1946; Tangiers until 1955; 

Cairo until 1956; Frankfurt until 1958; Lausanne, 25 

Fontanettaz, 47 Boulevard de la Foret. 

Telephone: 28 08 42 

Genoud is at the center of old Nazi networks based in 
Lausanne, Switzerland who intend a European revival 
around separatism, "National Revolutionaries" in Ger- 
many favoring reunification, and Islamic fundamen- 
talism. These networks played a key role in launching the 
Green movement, a nature-worshipping "blood and 
soil" environmentalism. They hope to make accom- 
modations with a Russia dominated by its own version 
of blood and soil ideology.. 

center of FLN financing of numerous arms deals, usually 
made in Germany by former Nazis who had been recycl- 
ed as arms merchants. Otto Skorzeny, based in Madrid, 
was part of the arms-smuggling operations which financ- 
ed the anti-de Gaulle Secret Army Organization (OAS) 
and the FLN. Genoud during the mid-1960's, financed 
a major arms-drug deal between the Lebanese drag- 
smuggling operation known as Casino du Liban and a 
"French organization." 

Genoud also set up contacts between the old Nazi net- 
works and the Palestinians. In April 1969, in Barcelona, 
at the "Europaische Neue Ordnung", a special delega- 
tion of Al-Fatah spoke on the issue of the "Palestinian 
Revolution." Genoud arranged for the training of Al- 
Fatah troops by former Nazis such as Karl van de Put 
of Belgium, formerly of the Afrika Corps and Johann 
N. Schuller, presently living in Rome. According to one 
lead, Schuller may have been linked to the assassination 
of Aldo Moro. 

Personal History 

At the age of 21, Genoud joined the National Front of 
Switzerland (NFS), a fascist group associated with 
George Oltramare's National Union. Oltramare's family 
comes from an old Swiss patrician family; the Oltramare 
family now sits on the board of directors of the Lombard 
Odier Bank of Geneva. This bank's facilities were used 
by OSS officer Allen Dulles to facilitate the surrender of 
SS Gen. Karl Wolff, head of the German army in nor- 
thern Italy. Genoud was used as a personal intermediary 
between Dulles and SS General Wolff. 

In 1940, Genoud set up a night club, Oasis, in 
Lausanne as a covert operation for the Abwehr there. 
Prior to his operation in Lausanne, Genoud traveled ex- 
tensively in the Mideast and met with the Grand Mufti 
of Jerusalem in 1936. 

By 1943, Genoud began using his banking connections 
to set in motion the networks which later became known 
as the Odessa. The transfer of millions of marks from 
German into Swiss banks, and the evacuation of key SS 
and Nazi leaders into Morocco, Spain and Latin 
America, were the principal aspects of this operation. 

Genoud befriended SS Gen. Wolff and countless 
others, including SS Colonel Otto Skorzeny and Hitler's 
finance minister Hjalmar Schacht. In 1956, while in 
Cairo meeting with Schacht, Genoud was introduced to 
the Algerian Front for National Liberation (FLN in 
French), led by Ahmed Ben Bella and his treasurer 
Mohammed Khidder. Genoud officially became a 
courier between Tangiers and Cairo setting up the finan- 
cial support operations for the FLN. 

In 1959, Genoud created the International Association 
of the Friends of the Arab World, and in 1960 opened 
up relations with the head of the Arab Information 
Center in Geneva. At this point Lausanne became the 

Genoud and Islamic Fundamentalism: 
Ben Bella, Ahmed Huber 

Genoud's terrorist operations intersect various structures 
set up through the Nazi war funds financing scheme, 
utilizing the Abwehr II Minorities Division, Walter 
Schellenberg's SS-SD unit Amt 6, and the Anglo- 
American intelligence apparatus of the post-war period. 
As a keeper of the Nazi funds, Genoud has been in- 
strumental in arranging many terrorist operations. 

The recruitment by the Genoud-Abwehr apparatus of 
Ahmed Ben Bella demonstrates the method by which the 
old Nazi/ Abwehr apparatus set up the Middle East fun- 
damentalist operations. Ben Bella's relative, who 
operated a radio transmitter in North Africa for the 
Abwehr, recruited Ahmed into the Mufti-Abwehr 

However, according to a French source, the Genoud- 
Ben Bella connection is further understood from the 
standpoint of the career and international terrorist role 
of Michel Pablo (ne Raptis). Pablo, born in Alexandria, 
Egypt in 1911, arrived in Paris in 1938 and spent two 
years operating underground. 

His activity during the war remains relatively 
unknown. However, immediately after the war, Pablo 
emerged as the secretary general of the British 
intelligence-controlled Fourth International. Out of this 
operation the logistical infrastructure of what became 
known as the Terrorist International was established. 

Pablo was instrumental, along with Genoud, in setting 
up the support apparatus for the FLN. In particular, two 
workshops, printing and forging money and documents, 
are part of the overall operation. Networks in Sicily, 
Germany and Sweden were established for future ter- 
rorist operations. In 1962, Pablo became an advisor to 
Ben Bella. 


During the Algerian war, Pablo was arrested by the 
French authorities. His attorney was Jacques Verges. 
Pablo was also recruiting Megis Debray as his asset for 
future terrorist operations. In 1965, Verges defended a 
Palestinian terrorist in Israel, and later, in March 1966, 
a Jordanian named Hedjazi. Following this trial, Verges 
disappeared for 15 years only to emerge as the attorney 
for Baader-Meinhof terrorist-lawyer Klaus Croissant. In 
1982, Verges defended Bruno Berguet and Magdelena 
Kopp of the Revolutionary Cells along with Eric Moreau 
of Action Directe. 

The Islamic fundamentalist terrorist operations which 
Genoud finances along with Prince Mohammed Al- 
Faisal's D.M.I, bank are linked to their support for the 
Groupement Islamique, based in Paris; Ali Kattani, head 
of the Islamic Foundation for Science and Technology, 
which is involved in separatist-terrorist projects in 
Barcelona, Spain; the Islamic League for Human Rights, 
a key coordination point of Muslim fundementalism; 
Maarouf Dawalibi, head of the World Muslim League, 
founder of the Geneva-based Islam and the West 
organization, and a former member of the pro-Nazi 
Syrian Popular Party (PPS). Genoud' s long association 
with Dr. Said Ramadfaan, head of the Egyptian Muslim 
Brotherhood, who is based in Geneva, set up a secret 
operation with the head of the Islamic Council of 
Europe, Alem Azzam, to overthrow several governments 
of the Middle East. 

Ben Bella has been targeting for Islamic fundamen- 
talist revolts Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Spain, and 
Algerian immigrant workers in Paris and Lyon. Ben 
Bella received four tons of weapons for his revolts in 
March 1983 from Qaddafi. 

Genoud's other close collaborator in Islamic terror is 
the Bern, Switzerland "journalist" Ahmed Huber. 
Huber, co-leader of the Swiss-Arab Society with Hans 
EUenberger and a member of the Swiss Social 
Democratic Party, knows Genoud from mutual days 
spent in Egypt. Huber proposes an alliance of old Nazis 
and the Islamic fundamentalists to rescue the reputation 
of Hitler and the honor of Germany from the "Jewish 
influence of official America." Huber is a close acquain- 
tance of Oaddafi. "that romantic Bedouin." and Khn- 

Order organizations. In 1946, Amaudruz took over the 
European Center for the Study of Fascism. 

Working with Amaudruz was a Nazi youth leader, 
Gunther Schwab, whose book Dance with the Devil 
created the core ideological base by which today's new 
fascist party, the Green Party of West Germany, was 
formed. Schwab's coordinator for intelligence was 
another SS officer named Theodor Soucek, who ran 
from Vienna the Weltbund Schutz des Leben organiza- 
tion. It is this grouping which became the ideological 
center for the Nazi International. 

EstabHshing the international networks became the 
work of the Amaudruz-run Malmoe International. 

One of the top law firms of the Nazi apparatus, 
Poncet, Turetini, Amaudruz and Neyrod, is based in 
Geneva. The firm is utilized by Francois Genoud in 
handling many of his publishing lawsuits. 

"There is no split between left and right wing," 
Amaudruz said in a recent interview. "The system is a 
dictatorship of the center. It is very important to have 
the extremes working together to bring down the system. 
America is the world's main problem, the main obstacle 
to peace. The white man should never have gone to 
America. They repressed the American Indians there, it 
was a brutal repression. America is the main threat to the 
world. The peace movement's resistance against the 
United States is perfectly justified... the collapse will 

Operationally, this neo-Nazi apparatus functions 
through elements of Scottish Rite Freemasonic lodges: in 
Italy, Propaganda-2; Monaco, Monte Carlo Lodge; 
Geneva, Alpina Lodge; and London, the United Mother 
Grand Lodge run by the Duke of Kent. Separatist 
organizations such as the Basque ETA and its Corsican, 
Armenian, Breton, Alsatian, and Tyrolean counterparts 
are considered assets in place, along with the Society for 
Endangered Peoples. 

Genoud associate Otto Skorzeny was close to the 
number two man in the Abwehr, Lahousen-Wemint. Ac- 
cording to a former U.S. intelligence officer, Skorzeny's 
ties into the Kalil family enabled him to finance many of 
the projects for the Middle East. The Kalil's had old Ot- 

tnman P.rrmirf fif*c nnH rm*» nf tVip cnnc «;qc trainer! at 


the perfect cover the long-term interrogation of men like 

Schellenberg, who had taken over Heydrich's position 
after the latter's assassination during the war, was 
Abwehr director over Admiral Canaris and also in 
charge of the Gehlen Organization. It is not well known 
that after the war, Reinhard Gehlen and his circle con- 
fiscated Schellenberg's file system with an international 
list of all informants, agents, etc. A reconciliation bet- 
ween Schellenberg and Gehlen occurred in 1950, at a 
meeting in Madrid, where Skorzeny opened his office 
and received both men. 

Genoud and India 

Genoud's circle of protectors includes the sister of the 
present Swiss Defense Minister Chevallaz. Mdm. 
Chevallaz, Genoud's friend and associate is involved in 
directing and coordinating key separatist movements in 
India, Ethiopia, Somalia and Sudan and is working in 
conjunction with Lord Carrington's Mideast apparatus. 

Dr. Jagjit Singh Chauhan, the London-based Sikh 
secessionist, works with a group in Lausanne centered 
around the de Maurex banking family, which made its 
wealth in investments in coffee plantations in Ethiopia in 
the era of Emperor Haile Selassie, and with Madeleine 
Chevallaz who is employed as a reporter for the 
Lausanne-based "24 Hours" magazine. 

Chauhan is coordinating operations against India's 
Prime Minister Indira Gandhi with extremists funded by 
the Muslim Brotherhood International who operate out 
of the London Indian Muslim Federation and the Inter- 
national Islamic Center in London. Both institutions 
receive financial support from the previously mentioned 
Saudi Arabia-based World Muslim League, headed by 
former Syrian fascist leader Maarouf Dawalibi. 
Dawalibi's Geneva-based Islam and the West organiza- 
tion has on its board Club of Rome International Presi- 
dent Aurelio Peccei, Swiss gun-running banker Nicholas 
Krul and British "Arab handler" Lord Caradon. Accor- 
ding to the head of the Indian Muslim Foundation, Dr. 
Kahn, the financial relations between Dawalibi's group 
and his own are handled through the Islamic Council of 
Europe, headed by Muslim Brotherhood leader Salam 

Azzam coordinates the recently-formed Islamic 
League of Human Rights with Ahmed Ben Bella. Azzam 
and Ben Bella have co-authored a "protest" against 
"mass slaughter of Muslims" in the Indian region of 
Assam, and are spreading the accusation that "the In- 
dian government is without a doubt responsible." 

Protectors and Collaborators 

Another close business associate of Genoud is the widow 
of Otto Skorzeny. Madame Skorzeny is presently direc- 
ting capital flight operations out of Mexico and Morocco 
with the help of Dr. Alfred Schaeffer's Union Bank of 
Switzerland, Credit Suisse, and the Swiss Bank Corpora- 

tion. These bankers were key in the Schacht apparatus 
during and after the war. 

A key protector of Genoud is Gilbert Bachiold, a 
Swiss Socialist Party central committee member, work- 
ing with Genoud on selling "soft technologies" to the 
third world. 

It is through the ideological and operational centers of 
the neo-Nazi International that both left-wing and right- 
wing assassination and terrorist operations come 
together. The overlap of the Abwher-SS and the Trot- 
skyite Fourth International is, in a sense, the Terrorist 
International. In France the Nouvelle Droit le Pen, in 
Germany the neo-Nazis, in Spain Nueva Fuerza, and in 
Britain Column 88, are all basically under control of the 
League of St. George, based in Britain— which also con- 
trols the Regis Debray Fourth International via Michel 

Technical Report 


by Dr. Steven Bardwelf, director of plasma 
physics for the Fusion Energy Foundation. 

This report Includes: 

• a scientific and technical analysis of the four 
major types of beam-weapons for ballistic 
missile defense, which also specifies the 
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to their successful development; 

• a detailed comparison of the U.S. and Soviet 
programs in this field, and an account of the 
differences in strategic doctrine behind the 
widening Soviet lead in beam weapons; 

• the uses of directed energy beams to trans- 
form raw-materials development, industrial 
materials, and energy production over the 
next 20 years, and the close connection 
between each nation's fusion energy devel- 
opment program and its beam weapon po- 

• the Impact a "Manhattan Project" for beam- 
weapon development would have on mili- 
tary security and the civilian economy. 


Italy: Mass Terrorism, the Mafia and Separatism 

The inauguration day of Italy's first Socialist prime 
minister, Bettino Craxi, coincided with a series of 
developments coherent with the very nature of this 
government and its program: 

—A bomb was placed on the railroad track between 
Florence and Bologna. The explosion went off just 
seconds before the arrival of the train. According to all 
police and security specialists, this attempt could have 
provoked the worst massacre in Italian postwar history, 
resulting in hundreds of deaths. The operation is believ- 
ed to have been carried out by fascist terrorists. 

— One of the key anti-Mafia Sicilian investigating 
judges, Rocco Chinnici, was killed in Palermo by the ex- 
plosion of a car bomb. All the security and media com- 
ments on this murder indicated the parallel between the 
Sicilian situation and war-ridden Lebanon. To cor- 
roborate this parallel, Sicilian policemen arrested a 
Lebanese couple, working with the local Mafia, as alleg- 
ed executioners of the bombing. 

— The leader of the freemasonic conspiratorial 
association Lodge Propaganda Due (P2), Licio Gelli, 
escaped from a Geneva, Switzerland prison. Gelli was to 
be extradited to Italy within days and his interrogatories 
there could have been potentially explosive for the new 
government of Bettino Craxi. 

— A special commission of the Parliament reversed 
within hours its own decision to send back to jail the top 
Italian terrorist Toni Negri. Negri was elected to the 
Italian Parliament on the slate of the Radical Party, thus 
getting out of jail through "parliamentary immunity." 
Negri's legal status is also related to Bettino Craxi and 
the Socialist Party. Under the guise of negotiations dur- 
ing the 1978 Moro kidnapping, both Craxi and the 
Socialist Party maintained contacts with the Red 
Brigades using "cut-outs" provided by Negri. 

The coherence of all these separate developments is 
underscored by a process of further rapid deterioration 
of the Italian state, a nrocess favored and not hindered 

In the last months there has been an intense debate 
among the Med Brigades and other terrorist groups, 
about how to relaunch terrorist action. A generalized 
and agreed upon line has come out, otherwise known as 
the "Curcio line". Menato Curcio, one of the founders 
of the Red Brigades currently serving a life-long jail 
sentence, has proposed linking terrorist activities with 
"social" campaigns, such as the peace movement, the 
unemployed situation (especially in the crisis-hit South of 
Italy), the "separatist" identity of minorities, etc. 

Peace Movement 

Through the complicity of Aurelio Peccei, the same 
Radical Party which has permitted Toni Negri to get out 
of jail and sit in the Italian Parliament, has produced a 
detailed book on all NATO military and logistical in- 
stallations in Italy. This operation is similar to what hap- 
pened in West Germany and is coordinated interna- 
tionally by the same forces. 

The book was put together with the coordination of 
the Radical Party parliamentarian Moberto Cic- 
ciomessere, and was written at the Radical Party 
thinktank IRDISP (Research Institute for Disarmament, 
Development and Peace), Via Tomacelli 103, Rome. The 
IRDISP is closely linked to the Stockholm SIPRI in- 
stitute, the London International Institute for Strategic 
Studies (IISS), Bill Arkin at the Washington Institute for 
Policy Studies and Prof. Seymour Mellman at Columbia 

IRDISP was created in December, 1981 on the in- 
itiative of Cicciomessere. Among the researchers are 
several trainees of the Rome Jesuit Gregoriana Universi- 
ty. IRDISP board members are: 

— Aurelio Peccei, founder and president of the Club 
of Rome. 

— Eleonora Masini, the Jesuit-linked president of the 
World Future Studies Federation, one nf the manv 


separatist and terrorist group planned a military opera- 
tion on the island in 1978-79. 

The Sardinian Action Party was created during the se- 
cond world war as a joint effort of British intelligence 
and local oligarchical forces. Its leader and founder 
Emiliu Lussu married Joice Salvadore, the sister of the 
British intelligence (SOE) officer Max Salvadore, a 
specialist on Italy who was promoting at that time dif- 
ferent separatist schemes. Joice Salvadore Lussu and her 
husband have maintained a close relationship to Lelio 
Basso and his Foundation in Rome, one of the primary 
sources for contacts with Muammar Qaddafi's regime 
and all kinds of separatist and terrorist groups 

Coordinating the separatist activities and financing of 
the Sardinian Action Party's Meloni and Piliu was Li- 
byan general Mohammed Ajeli Thabet, who is close to 
the head of the Libyan secret services, General 
Boubakheur Younes. Contacts between the Libyans and 
the Sardinians were arranged by the key Libyan agent in 
Sicily, Socialist Party lawyer Michele Papa, from 
Catania. Through Papa's work, Meloni and Piliu met 
regularly with Thabet and Colonel Messaud at the Villa 
Igea in Palermo. Messaud is in charge in Libya of the 
military and paramilitary training of foreigners at the 
Sebha camp. Papa's work, as well as all other financial 
needs, were paid for by the Libyan consul in Palermo. 

Michele Papa became known internationally around 
the "Billygate" scandal. It was Papa who arranged the 
contacts between Billy Carter— brother of then-president 
of the U.S., Jimmy Carter — and the Libyan regime. A 
Socialist Party member, Papa has never hidden his 
fascist sympathies, such as his close connection to the 
well-known fascist terrorist Zuccarello. Wanted by the 
police because of terrorist attempts, Zuccarello escaped 
to Spain where he enjoyed the protection of leaders of 
Fuerza Nueva. 

In Sardinia, in the month of July, 1983, there were a 
series of fires provoked by arsonists which destroyed a 
great part of the island woods and caused several deaths. 
The President of the Sardinian regional administration, 
Angelo Roich, declared publicly July 29: "This never 
happened before. (The fires) started all on the same day, 
on (July) 21st, as if they were the product of one brain, 
of a destabilizing plan carried out in a calculated and 
scientific manner". Suspected for this arson is the 
Movimento Armaio Sardo (MAS, Sardinian Armed 
Movement), a joint venture between the Red Brigades 
and local organized crime groups. The MAS was first 
created in the 1960s through the efforts of the 
internationally-known terrorist Giangiacomo Feltrinelli, 
a close friend of Lelio Basso and Emiliu and Joice Lussu. 
Feltrinelli and the MAS advocated transforming Sar- 
dinia into the "new Cuba of the Mediterranean". 

After some decades of obscurity, the Sardinian Action 
Party succeeded in sending representatives to the Rome 
Parliament in Italy's June 26, 1983 national elections. 
This separatist success by the PSA reflects a general 
tendency in this election indicating the rapid deteriora- 

tion of the central institutions and parties, and the 
strengthening of various separatist, minority groups. 

The region around Venice — Veneto — has sent two 
representatives of the Liga Veneta to the Rome Parlia- 
ment. The Liga Veneta was created as a political group 
after 1979 and is pushing a federalist anti-central govern- 
ment program: "We are for federalism, first Italian and 
then European. This Italian state is the choice of a deter- 
mined period," stated a spokesman of the Liga. 

The Liga Veneta explicitly and loudly cites the 
historical tradition of the oligarchic Republic of 
Venice — one of the worst evils in the history of 
mankind — as the reference point for its outlook. Not ac- 
cidentally, the real, secret founder of the Liga Veneta in 
the 1960s was the Venetian oligarch Count Alvise 
Loredan. The two Loredan brothers, Alvise and Piero, 
are well-known to terrorist investigators in Italy as the 
masterminds of "left" and "right" terrorism, with close 
connection to East bloc intelligence services, the P2 
freemasonic lodge and Muammar Qaddafi. 

The Loredan family was key in the postwar reshaping 
of the Fascist International, otherwise known as the 
Malmoe International. Alvise and Piero Loredan have 
been named in all the major terrorist operations in Italy 
since the 1960s, in particular the December, 1969 Milan 
bombing. The two Loredans were in contact with and 
coordinated the action of the fascist (right and left) ter- 
rorists involved in the bombing. One of the persons 
associated with Loredan was Claudio Orsi, nephew of 
Italo Balbo, leader of Mussolini's movement and gover- 
nor of Libya in the 1930s. Orsi was the leader of the 
fascist group "Giovane Europa", an active member of 
the Italo-Chinese Friendship Association and very close 
to Claudio Mutti, head of the Italy-Libya Friendship 
Association. When Mutti was accused by Judge D'Am- 
brosio of leading "the Italy-Libya association (which) 
functions as a cover for terrorist attempts," his friend 
Orsi defended him publicly saying he was no fascist but 
a "member of the Italian Socialist Party". 

Another member of the Loredan terrorist network, 
the fascist Mario Tuti, author of the train-bomb 
massacre in 1974 (train Italicus), was financed by the Li- 
byan embassy in Rome. Tuti publicly stated his 
worldview: "Our inspirers and teachers are Codreanu, 
Mao, Hitler, Qaddafi and the Mussolini of the Salo 
Republic" (the last and most brutal period of Italian 

The Libyan and Socialist Party association with ter- 
rorism was also exposed in May 1981 by the Milan 
carabinieri when they arrested 12 left terrorists who were 
carrying weapons supplied by Qaddafi. The leader of 
this group was Maurizio Folini, who, it was later proven, 
worked for the Russian KGB. In the group was also 
Oreste Scalzone, together with Toni Negri one of the 
"historical" founders of Potere Operaio, and connected 
to the terrorist magazine Metropoli. Metropoli was 
created with the direct "complicity" (as investigating 
judges charged) of some top Socialist Party leaders like 
PSI Directorate member Antonio Landolfi as a cover for 
terrorist operations. 


In Trieste, for the first time the local "autonomist" 
group has run a national slate under the name "Ter- 
ritorio Libera di Trieste" (Free territory of Trieste), win- 
ning a seat in the Italian Parliament. This autonomist 
slate which belongs to the general "Mitteleuropa" resur- 
facing of the last period is the outcome and expansion of 
a local separatist-autonomist slate for the city of Trieste 
called "II Melone" (the honey melon). This was the crea- 
tion of the local Radical Party (the same of the NATO 
book and Toni Negri's candidacy) and the current mayor 
of Trieste, Manlio Cecovini. Cecovini is one of the most 
powerful freemasons in Italy, a "bishop of the Gnostic 
Church", who paved the way for Licio Gelli's takeover 
of the P2 freemasonic lodge. 

In recent months in South Tyrol, there has been a 
reactivation of the various separatist movements in this 
partially German-speaking northeast region of Italy, 
movements which became known internationally in the 
1950s and 1960s for terrorist attacks against electric 
towers, etc. The traditional political expression of this 
autonomist tendency, the Suedtyroler Volkspartei, has 
seen several regroupments on its right and left spectrum, 
with clear separatist and terrorist or proto-terrorist 

A former leader of the terrorist left group Lotta Con- 
tinua, Alexander Langer, was among the organizers this 
May of a conference in Bolzano of the European Federa- 
tion of the Ethnic Minorities. Langer is also very close 
to Qaddafi's Libya and was one of the organizers of the 
meeting in Austria last year between Qaddafi and West 
German Greens like Otto Schily and Roland Vogt. 

Around the June national elections, a series of openly 
separatist groups surfaced, like the Wahlverband der 
Suedtyroler which states "our situation is similar to the 
Irish one." The Wahlverband is the merger of the 
Heimatbund and the Partei der Unabhangigen. The 
Heimatbund was the political umbrella group for the old 
terrorist groups of the 1950s and 1960s. It is significant 
that the major spokesman of the Wahlverband is Eva 
Klotz, daughter of the most known separatist terrorist of 
the 1960s, Georg Klotz. 

These various separatist groups have been under in- 
vestigation by Trento Judge Carlo Palermo, who expos- 
ed in the last year one of the biggest arms-for-drugs in- 
ternational rings ever uncovered. Judge Palermo has ar- 
rested old Nazis operating within the Suedtyroler 
Volkspartei which represented the regional mafia 
counterpart to the Bulgarian connection and Sicilian- 
Libyan dealers. 

Separatism and Linguistics 


Why do the separatists insist so fanatically on the right 
to speak a local dialect, often known but to a few 
thousands souls, rather than maintain the com- 
municative means afforded by a national language? It 
is not .only a further indication of the intellectual 
backwardness of separatist leaders such as Aureli 
Argemi and Ivan Illich; it identifies a conscious plan to 
subvert the integrity of the national state, by breaking 
up its language. 

Dante Alighieri was the father of the Italian 
language, and as such, was the spiritual father of the 
unity of Italians in the Italian nation. His explicit aim, 
through his poem the Commedia, as well as his ground- 
breaking theoretical treatises on language (de vulgari 
eloquentia, Concicio), was to overcome the state of 
isolation and backwardness imposed by the continuing 
existence of thousands of regional and local dialects 
along the thirteenth-century peninsula. He knew that 
there would be no hope for Italians to create a nation 
if they were strait jacketed by dialects shaped by brutish 
sounds, like the "sad speech" of the Romans, the 
"ugliest of all Italian vernaculars," or the Sardinian 
dialect, which ' 'imitates Latin, just as monkeys imitate 
men," or the Genoese, whose sound system is offensive 
to the ear. Dante sought to develop the illustrious ver- 
nacular, Italian, as the national language which "ap- 
pears in every city but rests in none," that is, which is 
common to every local dialect but limited to no single 
one. It is only through such a language, polished and 
ordered through poetry expressing universal ideas, that 
the individual brought up speaking a native dialect can 
develop his mind to contribute ideas of universal im- 
portance to his fellow man. That mankind has proven 
capable of creating great literary tools has been the 
prerequisite for science, and thereby for the continued 
progress of human society. 

Destroy national languages, and you destroy the pro- 
gress of human thinking, technological progress and 
science. That is the ultimate policy objective of the 
separatist linguisticians. They have expended massive 
efforts into cultivating local and regional dialects, 
under the guise of protecting threatened languages, and 
have lobbied to gain legislative equality vis-a-vis the na- 
tional tongue, as the first step towards outright 
autonomy. By fostering the use of such parochialized 
and limited dialects, they have effectively condemned 
entire populations to backwardness. Among the leader- 
ship strata of separatist organizations, local dialects are 
used as veritable brainwashing programs, to maintain 
top-down control over hard-core terrorist components. 

The importance of linguistics for separatism is 
underlined by the fact that the CIEMEN, on the in- 
itiative of Benedictine leader Argemi, will dedicate its 
next annual conference to "Semiotics and Social 
Language" (August 16-22, 1984). 

It should come as no surprise that the thinktanks 
dedicated to spreading dialect use are integrally con- 
nected to those running separatism and terrorism. 
Under the overall control of the United Nations 
UNESCO, which has financed and staffed studies of 
local dialects (even of tiny communities, like the 
700-person Occitanian-speaking region of Calabria!), 
the major associations involved are the CIEMEN and 
the Gesellschaft firr Bedrohte Volker (GfBV), as well as 
the Association for the Defense of Threatened 
Tongues. The principal areas of activity of CIEMEN 
are the dialects of France, Spain and Italy. In addition 
to CIEMEN secretary Aureli Argemi's personal 
linguistic studies on Corsican-Genoese and Sardinian, 
CIEMEN concentrates on the Occitanian dialects, on 
the Basque (Euskera) and on Venetian. 

In Milan, Italy, CIEMEN shares its offices with the 
magazine "Etnie," whose founders include Roberto 
Sonaglia, a partisan of the Movimento Federate 
Padano, and Guido Aghina. Aghina is the city coun- 
cilman responsible for Cultural Affairs in Milan for the 
Italian Socialist Party, whose links with terrorism have 
been amply documented. Jesuit linguistician Ivan Illich 
and his Center for Intercultural Documentation 
(CIDOC) in Cuernavaca, Mexico, which work with the 
CIEMEN networks through the GfBV and the Club of 
Rome, is dedicated to undermining national languages 
in the North and South American continents, pro- 
moting the revival of Indian dialects. Illich takes his at- 
tack against Spanish to extreme lengths, targetting Elio 
Antonio de Nebrija, the fifteenth-century humanist col- 
laborator of Erasmus, who circulated a Spanish gram- 
mer among the dominions of Queen Isabella. Illich at- 
tempts to destroy first the national language, then all 
language. His claim is that in the medieval world to 
which he and the Club of Rome want to return 
languages are unnecessary. "In the essentially sun- 
powered cultures of the past, there was no need for 
language production. Language... was learned from the 
encounter with people whom the learner could smell 
and touch, love or hate." 


Basque separatism actually began with a language pro- 
ject, headed by a Pamplona lawyer named Arturo 
Campion. Writing in 1876, Campion stated: "So long 
as Euskadi keep their original and personal tongue, 
there need be no fear that their passion for their envied 
feudal privileges should decrease, for each word they 
pronounce will remind them of the political and social 
condition of their ancestors, and will encourage them 
never to falter in the claims to their undeniable rights." 
Another lawyer Sabino Arana y Goiri, founded the 
Basque Nationalist Party in 1892 on a program which 


included the following demands: independence of 
French and Spanish Basque from their respective na- 
tions; ruralism, to defend Basque purity against 
capitalism; radical defense of Euskera (Basque dialect) 
against Castillian, which is the vehicle of the state. 

The Sociedad de Estudios Vascos was then created as 
the vehicle for organizing the first autonomy projects in 
the twentieth century. In 1931 they explicitly stated that 
"the national language of the Basques is Euskera." 

Currently, the main institutions promoting Euskera 
studies as a part of the Basque separatist movement are 
the Institut per a l'Estudi del Base (Basque Studies In- 
stitute) and the Academia de la Lengua Vasca. The lat- 
ter has several links to terrorism. MIT linguistician 
Noam Chomsky, who works with the Academia, has 
documented relations to terrorist groups through the 
Institute for Policy Studies (IPS). Pierre Vilar, a 
Catalan separatist collaborating with the Academia, is 
the author of numerous proterrorist articles published 
in the Basque paper Egin, which supports ETA. 

Several of the directors of Egin have been called 
upon to testify in ETA murder cases and have been fin- 
ed by the Interior Ministry. Federico Krutwig, who has 
presided over the Academia, has also been said to be 
linked to ETA assassins in Paris and Brussels. The case 
of Krutwig is particularly significant. Son of the 
representative of Krupp in the Basque, Krutwig is 
allegedly fluent in most Western European, middle 
eastern and Slavic languages. In 1942 he was elected to 
the Academia de la Lengua Vasca, but was forced into 
exile in 1953. At the World Basque Congress of 1956, 
it was Krutwig who pushed for the need to create a 
guerrilla movement to fight for autonomy. In 1965 he 
travelled to Brussels, where he worked for the Chinese 
Embassy, translating into Euskera the texts of Mao. In 
exchange, the Chinese Foreign Language Institute of 
Peking translated his books on the Basque question. 
Krutwig is a close associate of Ernest Mandel, the 
leader of the Trotskyist Fourth International; both 
were linked to top Spanish terrorist Jose Maria Escubi. 

Linguistics goes deep into the history of the ETA. 


Catalan, which the Basques take up as an example to 
imitate, was the official language of Catalonia until 
1716, and continued to be used as the language of the 
courts and schools until the nineteenth century. About 
8 million people speak it as their native language. Ex- 
ploiting the emotional response to the fact that dictator 
Franco outlawed Catalan, preventing newspapers or 
radio-TV to use it through the 1970's, the Catalan 
separatists have pushed broad use of the language. Not 
only are most courses in Catalan universities conducted 
in the dialect, but the separatists through CIEMEN de- 
mand that all Catalan speaking regions be unified in 
one "nation". This would include large areas of 
France, as well as 20,000 people in Alghero Sardinia. 

The two institutions which work with CIEMEN 
through the Defense et Promotion las Langues de 
France are the Barcelona-based Institut d'estudis 
Catalans and its French offshoot, the Institut d'estudis 
Occitans, both dedicated to literary and linguistic 
studies relating to Catalan history. Links to terrorism 
run through the Catalan-Provencal theatre group called 
Els Joglas, in Barcelona. 

One member, Andres Solsona, was arrested in July 
1983 for harboring an ETA terrorist in his home. He 
was also a member of the Liga Comunista Revolu- 
cionar, a Trotskyist group promoting separatism on 
both sides of the Hispano-French border. 


Occitania, whose name was coined by a Benedictine 
monk in the seventeenth century, is a Franco-Italian 
region stretching across about 190,000 square 
kilometres, and housing 12 million people. Known as 
the region of the lang d'oc, Occitania proliferates with 
dialects, including Provencal, Delfinis, Guinese, Lim- 
buine, Alvergnat and Guascon. The Movimento 
Autonomista Occitano (MAO), or Occitan Autonomy 
Movement, works closely with CIEMEN and with the 
Piedmont regional government, both of which are pro- 
moting study and use of the lang d'oc as the common 


On the French side of the Occitan operation, the 
CIEMEN, whose Italian operations are based in Milan, 
also works to "promote the development of the con- 
sciousness of Occitanians that they are Occitanians." 
CIEMEN operations include groups in Carcassone and 
Montpellier. In Beziers, France, they have a Centre In- 
ternationale de Documentation Occitane, which is 
slated to become the "national library of Occitania". 
Other institutions of CIEMEN are the Conservatoire 
Occitan, the Centre d'estudes Occitanes Universita 
Paul Valery, in Montpellier, the Escola Occitana 
d'estiu Villeneuve-sur-lot, all of which study and teach 
Occitan. The Universite Ardechoise d'Ete at Aubenas 
in the Ardeche is run by a collective review called 
"Vivares, Terra Occitana." Another Occitanian group 
operating in Toulouse and Barcelona is the CAOC, 
dedicated to reuniting the paisos cantans (France and 

Closely linked to the Occitans, is the Franco- 
Provencal movement. Spread throughout France, 
Switzerland and Italy (Piedmont), they are valley 
populations speaking a mixture of lang d'oc and lang 
d'oeil. According to Franco-Provencal linguistician 
Edoardo Ballone, "it is a neo-Latin tongue of an an- 
cient population who lived, in the dark night of time, 
in a part of the western Alpine region." 

Organized in the research and study institute known 
as EFFEPI, the Francoprovencals organize cultural 
events to bring together the disparate valley popula- 
tions and to create in them a sense of common Fran- 
coprovencal, or "Patois" culture. Ornella de Paoli, 
secretary of EFFEPI, organized the first such event in 
Val Soana in 1980, gathering people from Aosta, the 
Savoy, and Switzerland. "It was a moment of 
rediscovery of collective consciousness, a rediscovery of 
our own ethnia..." she wrote. 

The Turin University Linguistics Department is in- 
strumental in promoting the Patois cause. Under the 
leadership of Prof. Gianrenzo Clivio (who also teaches 
at Toronto University), the department has put out a 
Linguistic Italian Atlas, the atlas for the Patois. 


In addition to the major linguistic separatist operations 
mentioned above, the CIEMEN and Piedmont regional 
associations are also actively engaged in promoting 
"linguistic consciousness" among speakers of Sardi- 
nian, Calabrian, Corsican, Slovenian, Alemany (Sud 
Tyrol), and Albanian. The last is particularly promoted 
by CIEMEN, through the Palermo-based Associazione 
de Insegnanti Arbesch, which aims to unite the 
estimated 80,000 Albanian speakers spread throughout 
southern Italy. Other university institutions involved in 
the CIEMEN network include the Philology Depart- 
ment of the Milan State University, the Oriental In- 
stitute of Naples, and the Language Department of the 
Venice University (whose halls were recently given to 
the KGB-controlled Pugwash Conference proceedings). 


The separatist linguisticians have operated both on the 
national and international plane, preferring, for ob- 
vious reasons, the latter. In 1970, in Italy, after the na- 
tional Parliament institutionalized regional relatively 
autonomous government, the push for linguistic in- 
dependence was accelerated. First to strive for special 
status was Sardinia, whose dialect had first to be of- 
ficially considered a language. 

As far as the Sardinians are concerned, it was in 
Heidelberg University that the earliest linguistic 
research was carried out, on which the separatist move- 
ment was built. Prof. Max Leopold Wagner was the 
author of the 1921 "Studien tiber den sardischen Wort- 
schatz", of "La lingua sarda," and the "Dizionario 
etimologico sardo," works which led to establishing the 
reputation of the Sardinian dialect, which Dante so cor- 
rectly ridiculed, as a bona fide language. 

Early in the 1970's the faculty of the Literature 
Department of the Cagliari University, which houses an 
International Center of Sardinian Studies, voted a 
resolution demanding that Sardinian be accorded parity 
with other neo-Latin languages and therefore juridical- 
administrative recognition. Later in the decade, it was 
proposed that the Sardinians organize a "people's in- 
itiative," a mass petition, to introduce a bilingual 
regime on the island. Although the bureaucratic process 
lagged, bilingualism was established de facto, rendering 
legal action essentially superfluous. 

The Partito Sardo d'Azione, recently elected to the 
national parliament, has demanded that parliamentary 
debate be carried out in dialects. The Liga Veneta, 
which has entered national parliament for the first 
time, is also demanding recognition of the local dialect. 
The umbrella group which organizes such legislative ac- 
tions in Italy is the Association for the Defense of 
Threatened Tongues, headed by Prof. Alessandro Piz- 
zorusso, of the University of Pisa. Pizzorusso has 
prepared a bill which would allow mandatory dialect 
teaching in elementary schools, optional instruction at 
the university level, use of minority dialects in courts, 
public offices and banks. 

But the true court for airing the complaints of the 
separatists is the European Parliament in Strasbourg, 
itself a synthetic institution created to engineer the 
destruction of the European nation states. On May 26, 
1981, the Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly 
unanimously adopted a resolution of the Catalan 
separatists. Entitled "Lengues minoritaries i dialectes a 
Europa," the document, authored by Spanish Senator 
Cirici i Pellicer, included the following demands: 

a) ...the progressive adoption... of the correct forms 
of toponymy (place names) from the original language 
of each territory, no matter how small; 

b) adoption of the maternal language 
in the education of children (use of dialect orally in the 


pre-school stage and the normalized forms of the 

mother tongue in primary education during which the 
majority language of the country will be gradually 

c) . . .public assistance for the local use of the minority 
normalized languages... in higher education and com- 
munications media of concerned territories according 
to the will of the communities which speak them. 

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Table of Contents 

Introduction: The Hot Autumn and Separatism 3 

Hot Autumn: The Neutralization of Germany 5 

Case Studies 

I Drei Lander Eck/Alemanen Tribe 12 


III Survival International 16 

IV 'Action Anthropology' USA 17 

V Wir Selbst 19 

VI Det Danske Selskab 19 

VII Armenian Terrorism 20 

VIII The Balkans: Slovenian-Muslim Fundamentalism 23 

IX Mitteleuropa: A Feudal Revival and Russia's Satrapy 24 

Qadaffi: KGB and the Nazi International 26 

Francois Genoud — The Swiss Nazi International 29 

Italy: Mass Terrorism, the Mafia and Separatism 32 

Separatism and Linguistics 35 


Herausgeber: »Executive Intelligence Review«, Nachrichtenagentur GmbH 

Anschrift: D-6200 Wiesbaden, Postfach 2308, Telefon 06121/449031 

Redaktiom und verantwortllen fur den Inhalt: Barbara Spahn 

Alle Rechte vorbehalten, auch die des Nachdrucks von Auszugen, der fotomechanischen 

Wiedergabe und der Obersetzung.